Colin Robinson

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We describe the identification of two Escherichia coli genes required for the export of cofactor-containing periplasmic proteins, synthesized with signal peptides containing a twin arginine motif. Both gene products are homologous to the maize HCF106 protein required for the translocation of a subset of lumenal proteins across the thylakoid membrane.(More)
In Escherichia coli, a subset of periplasmic proteins is exported via the twin-arginine translocation (Tat) pathway. In the present study, we have purified the Tat complex from E. coli, and we show that it contains only TatA, TatB, and TatC. Within the purified complex, TatB and TatC are present in a strict 1:1 ratio, suggesting a functional association.(More)
Proteins are transported across the bacterial plasma membrane and the chloroplast thylakoid membrane by means of protein translocases that recognize N-terminal targeting signals in their cognate substrates. Transport of many of these proteins involves the well defined Sec apparatus that operates in both membranes. We describe here the identification of a(More)
The twin-arginine translocation (Tat) system targets cofactor-containing proteins across the Escherichia coli cytoplasmic membrane via distinct signal peptides bearing a twin-arginine motif. In this study, we have analysed the mechanism and capabilities of the E. coli Tat system using green fluorescent protein (GFP) fused to the twin-arginine signal peptide(More)
The albino3 (alb3) mutant of Arabidopsis forms white or light yellow cotyledons and leaves and when germinated on soil does not survive beyond the seedling stage. The chloroplasts of the mutant are abnormal, as determined by electron microscopy, and contain reduced levels of chlorophyll. However, the chloroplasts of alb3 mutants are sufficiently(More)
The Escherichia coli Tat system mediates Sec-independent export of protein precursors bearing twin arginine signal peptides. Genes known to be involved in this process include tatA, tatB, and tatC that form an operon with a fourth gene, tatD. The tatD gene product has two homologues in E. coli coded by the unlinked ycfH and yjjV genes. An E. coli strain(More)
When plants, algae, and cyanobacteria are exposed to excessive light, especially in combination with other environmental stress conditions such as extreme temperatures, their photosynthetic performance declines. A major cause of this photoinhibition is the light-induced irreversible photodamage to the photosystem II (PSII) complex responsible for(More)
When we ask people what they value most, health is usually top of the list. While effective care is available for many chronic diseases, the fact remains that for the patient, the tax payer and the whole of society: prevention is better than cure. Diabetes and its complications are a serious threat to the survival and well-being of an increasing number of(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence and socioeconomic burden of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and associated co-morbidities are rising worldwide. AIMS This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations for preventing T2DM. METHODS A European multidisciplinary consortium systematically reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness of screening and interventions for T2DM(More)
Using a var2-2 mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana, which lacks a homologue of the zinc-metalloprotease, FtsH, we demonstrate that this protease is required for the efficient turnover of the D1 polypeptide of photosystem II and protection against photoinhibition in vivo. We show that var2-2 leaves are much more susceptible to light-induced photosystem II(More)