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1H NMR was used to quantify soybean lectin binding to monosaccharides, using presaturation of HOD plus a spin-echo sequence to observe sugar -NHCOCH3 and -OCH3 to below 0.01 mM. Binding is in the very-slow-exchange limit; there is no broadening or shifting and only unbound sugar is observed for pH 5 to 8 and 25 to 75 degrees C. Preliminary results were(More)
Renewable and clean "green" electronics based on paper substrates is an emerging field with intensifying research and commercial interests, as the technology combines the unique properties of flexibility, cost efficiency, recyclability, and renewability with the lightweight nature of paper. Because of its excellent optical transmittance and low surface(More)
Solar cell substrates require high optical transparency but also prefer high optical haze to increase the light scattering and consequently the absorption in the active materials. Unfortunately, there is a trade-off between these optical properties, which is exemplified by common transparent paper substrates exhibiting a transparency of about 90% yet a low(More)
Contemporary nanostructured transparent electrodes for use in solar cells require high transmittance and high conductivity, dictating nanostructures with high aspect ratios. Optical haze is an equally important yet unstudied parameter in transparent electrodes for solar cells that is also determined by the geometry of the nanostructures that compose the(More)
In this work, we report a dielectric nanocomposite paper with layered boron nitride (BN) nanosheets wired by one-dimensional (1D) nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) that has superior thermal and mechanical properties. These nanocomposite papers are fabricated from a filtration of BN and NFC suspensions, in which NFC is used as a stabilizer to stabilize BN(More)
Nanopaper is a flexible, transparent, and renewable substrate that is emerging as a replacement for plastic in printed "green" electronics. The underlying science of transparency of nanopaper is that the diameter of these fibers is much smaller than the light wavelength, which significantly decreases the light scattering as compared to regular fibers.(More)
In this study we report a novel, rationally designed, solution based silver nanowire (Ag NW) paper hybrid that demonstrates a flexible, low cost, and scalable device ready transparent conducting electrode (TCE) with exceptional and stable optoelectronic properties. Its high transmittance (91%) and low sheet resistance (13 U sq À1) represent the highest(More)
Paper, as an inexpensive substrate for flexible electronics and energy devices, has garnered great attention because of its abundance, biodegradability, renewability and sustainability. However, the intrinsic opacity and higher roughness of regular paper greatly restricts further applications. One promising method is to use cellulose nanofibers (CNs) to(More)
Wood fibers possess natural unique hierarchical and mesoporous structures that enable a variety of new applications beyond their traditional use. We dramatically modulate the propagation of light through random network of wood fibers. A highly transparent and clear paper with transmittance >90% and haze <1.0% applicable for high-definition displays is(More)
The ability to manage the light scattering effect of transparent paper without sacrificing its original high transmittance is critical for the application in optoelectronics since different devices have different requirements for the optical properties. In this paper, we study highly transparent paper with a tunable transmission haze by rationally managing(More)