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Here we report the discovery, by high-throughput screening, of three novel (2-amino-5-keto)thiazole compounds that act as selective potentiators of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Compound selectivity was assessed at seven human nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (alpha1beta1gammadelta, alpha2beta4, alpha3beta2, alpha3beta4, alpha4beta2, alpha4beta4, and(More)
In the present studies, we have evaluated the effects of N-[4-(2-¿[(3-Chlorophenyl)methyl]amino¿ethyl)phenyl]-2-thiophenecarbo ximidamide dihydrochloride (ARL 17477) on recombinant human neuronal NOS (nNOS) and endothelial NOS (eNOS). We then carried out pharmacokinetic studies and measured cortical nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibition to determine that(More)
Previous studies have shown that high glucose levels and diabetes induce an elevation in protein kinase C (PKC) activity in vascular cells and tissues susceptible to diabetic complications. In addition, PKC activation has been shown to modulate vascular cell growth, permeability, and gene expression, processes thought to be involved in the development of(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are pentameric ligand gated ion channels, which are found at the neuromuscular junction and in the central and peripheral nervous systems. The channels can be assembled from fourteen known subunits. The exact combination and function of all the channels are still not determined but in the CNS certain combinations(More)
In the present study we have examined the effects of the small organic molecules: NNC 09-0026 ((-)-trans-1-butyl-4-(4-dimethylaminophenyl)-3-[(4-trifluoromethyl-ph eno xy) methyl] piperidine dihydrochloride); SB 201823-A (4-[2-(3,4-dichlorophenoxy)ethyl]-1-pentyl piperidine hydrochloride); NS 649 (2-amino-1-(2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-trifluoromethyl(More)
In the present studies we have investigated the effects of a range of glycine site antagonists of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor in the gerbil model of global cerebral ischaemia. The compounds tested were (+)-3-amino-1-hydroxy-2-pyrrolidone (HA 966, 15 mg/kg), 7-chloro-4-hydroxy-3-(3-phenoxy)phenyl-2(H)-quinolinone) (L-701,324, 40 mg/kg),(More)
Cartilage destruction is one of the essential features of osteoarthritis and other degenerative disease conditions of articular disease, and it may be caused by metalloproteases induced by cytokines such as interleukin-1. To search for novel chemical entities that will block the production of metalloproteases, we have utilized an in vitro system in which(More)
This article will firstly briefly review the newer generation of immunosuppressant drugs, focusing mainly on tacrolimus (FK-506), sirolimus (rapamycin), mycophenolate mofetil (RS-61443) and leflunomide (HWA 486) and then describe work carried out at the Lilly Research Centre on analogues of leflunomide and subsequent diversion into a structurally distinct(More)
Smooth muscle cell proliferation plays an important role in neointimal thickening after vascular injury and may contribute to restenosis after angioplasty. Development of suitable pharmacological agents modulating smooth muscle cell proliferation is critical for further investigation of vascular hyperplasia and its prevention. In the present study, we(More)
[reaction: see text] Ceric ammonium nitrate mediates the oxidative 5-endo radical-polar crossover reactions of beta-enamide esters to give 5,5-C,O-disubstituted-gamma-lactams. Trapping of the intermediate cations leads to 5-hydroxy- or 5-alkoxy-gamma-lactams depending upon the reaction conditions. The methodology was used to synthesize the basic(More)
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