Colin N . Chesterman

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Anti-phospholipid (aPL) antibodies that exhibit binding in cardiolipin (CL) ELISA can be purified to greater than 95% purity by sequential phospholipid affinity and ion-exchange chromatography. However, these highly purified aPL antibodies do not bind to the CL antigen when assayed by a modified CL ELISA in which the blocking agent does not contain bovine(More)
Current understanding of key transcription factors regulating angiogenesis is limited. Here we show that RNA-cleaving phosphodiester-linked DNA-based enzymes (DNAzymes), targeting a specific motif in the 5' untranslated region of early growth response (Egr-1) mRNA, inhibit Egr-1 protein expression, microvascular endothelial cell replication and migration,(More)
The diagnosis of idiopathic immune thrombocytopenia remains a clinical diagnosis based on the exclusion of other causes of immune and nonimmune thrombocytopenia. Measurement of platelet-associated Ig (PAIg), while sensitive, is nonspecific for the diagnosis of immune thrombocytopenia. Published experience of antigen capture assays (including monoclonal(More)
Our studies have identified a soluble molecule in normal human plasma and serum with the characteristics of the alpha-chain of the low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP). LRP is a large multifunctional receptor mediating the clearance of diverse ligands, including selected lipoproteins, various protease inhibitor complexes, and(More)
Angiotensin II (ATII) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) are two vasoconstrictors implicated in the maintenance of normal vascular homeostasis. PDGF A-chain levels increase in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) exposed to ATII. The molecular mechanisms underlying this induction are not known. We used transient transfection analysis to show(More)
We report characterization of the soluble form of the low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (sLRP) which circulates in human plasma. Amino acid sequence analysis confirmed that sLRP isolated from human plasma contains the alpha-chain of LRP1. In addition, Western blot analysis identified a truncated beta-chain noncovalently associated with the(More)
Having reviewed the literature on the association of aPL antibodies with clinical manifestations, it is clear that this group of autoantibodies are of considerable importance. The presence of aPL antibodies in some but not all individuals confers a risk of a clinical syndrome characterized by recurrent arterial or venous thrombosis, thrombocytopenia,(More)
Studies were performed to determine the cross-reaction rate of the heparin-dependent antibody with Org 10172, a new low molecular weight heparinoid, and to investigate the effect of Org 10172 on platelet activation induced by the antibody. The plasmas of 17 patients with thrombocytopenia induced by standard heparin were shown, by platelet aggregation(More)
Early growth response factor-1 (Egr-1) controls the expression of a growing number of genes involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and postangioplasty restenosis. Egr-1 is activated by diverse proatherogenic stimuli. As such, this transcription factor represents a key molecular target in efforts to control vascular lesion formation in humans. In(More)
GMP-140 is a 140-kDa granule membrane glycoprotein localized to the alpha-granules of platelets and the Weibel-Palade bodies of endothelial cells. Expression of GMP-140 on the activated cell surface has been shown to mediate the adhesion of thrombin-activated platelets to neutrophils and monocytes and the transient adhesion of neutrophils to endothelium. In(More)