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BACKGROUND The optimal target range for blood glucose in critically ill patients remains unclear. METHODS Within 24 hours after admission to an intensive care unit (ICU), adults who were expected to require treatment in the ICU on 3 or more consecutive days were randomly assigned to undergo either intensive glucose control, with a target blood glucose(More)
BACKGROUND The safety and efficacy of hydroxyethyl starch (HES) for fluid resuscitation have not been fully evaluated, and adverse effects of HES on survival and renal function have been reported. METHODS We randomly assigned 7000 patients who had been admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) in a 1:1 ratio to receive either 6% HES with a molecular weight(More)
INTRODUCTION During the first winter of exposure, the H1N1 2009 influenza virus placed considerable strain on intensive care unit (ICU) services in Australia and New Zealand (ANZ). We assessed the impact of the H1N1 2009 influenza virus on ICU services during the second (2010) winter, following the implementation of vaccination. METHODS A prospective,(More)
INTRODUCTION Current practice in the delivery of caloric intake (DCI) in patients with severe acute kidney injury (AKI) receiving renal replacement therapy (RRT) is unknown. We aimed to describe calorie administration in patients enrolled in the Randomized Evaluation of Normal vs. Augmented Level of Replacement Therapy (RENAL) study and to assess the(More)
BACKGROUND Erythropoietin might have neurocytoprotective effects. In this trial, we studied its effect on neurological recovery, mortality, and venous thrombotic events in patients with traumatic brain injury. METHODS Erythropoietin in Traumatic Brain Injury (EPO-TBI) was a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial undertaken in 29 centres (all(More)
The ability to generate antisaccades (eye movements deliberately made in the direction opposite to that of a visual stimulus) may be used to assess central nervous system function in a variety of neurologic and psychiatric disorders. However, the usefulness of this paradigm in clinical practice is limited by the need for an oculographic laboratory. We(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent evidence suggests that choice of fluid used for resuscitation may influence mortality in critically ill patients. METHODS We conducted a cross-sectional study in 391 intensive care units across 25 countries to describe the types of fluids administered during resuscitation episodes. We used generalized estimating equations to examine(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the epidemiology of 2009 A/H1N1 influenza in critically ill pregnant women. DESIGN Population based cohort study. SETTING All intensive care units in Australia and New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS All women with 2009 H1N1 influenza who were pregnant or recently post partum and admitted to an intensive care unit in Australia or New(More)
SUMMARY Twenty-one anesthetized and thoracotamized dogs were studied. Scintigrams of the heart were recorded using a continuous infusion of krypton-81m into the aortic sinuses as well as intravenous injections of thallium-201. A gamma camera linked to a digital computer was used to record the myocardial distribution of these tracers. The distribution of 2O1(More)
Acknowledgements The Perioperative Mortality Review Committee would like to acknowledge: the ongoing commitment to families who have lost loved ones, to learn from their deaths and develop and share solutions the organisations and workplaces that have allowed involvement of committee members the work of the staff within the Health Quality & Safety(More)