Colin M. Suen

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AIMS It is thought that clopidogrel bioactivation and antiplatelet response are related to cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19). However, a recent study challenged this notion by proposing CYP2C19 as wholly irrelevant, while identifying paraoxonase-1 (PON1) and its Q192R polymorphism as the major driver of clopidogrel bioactivation and efficacy. The aim of this(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a devastating disease that, despite significant advances in medical therapies over the last several decades, continues to have an extremely poor prognosis. Gene therapy is a method to deliver therapeutic genes to replace defective or mutant genes or supplement existing cellular processes to modify disease. Over the(More)
OBJECTIVES The study aimed to determine the mechanism and predictors of procedural failure in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from the transradial approach (TR). BACKGROUND Transradial approach PCI reduces vascular complications compared with a transfemoral approach (TF). However, the mechanism and predictors of TR-PCI failure(More)
We assessed the pulmonary hemodynamic response to vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, type 2, inhibition using SU5416 (SU) with and without chronic hypoxia (CH) in different background strains and colonies of rats. A single subcutaneous injection of SU (20 mg/kg) or vehicle was administered to different substrains of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats, and(More)
Within the span of 2 decades, cell-based regenerative therapies for pulmonary arterial hypertension have progressed from bench-side hypotheses to clinical realities. Promising preclinical investigations that examined the therapeutic potential of endothelial progenitor cell and mesenchymal stem cell populations have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disease (15 cases per million) that is characterized by widespread loss of the pulmonary microcirculation and elevated pulmonary vascular resistance leading to pathological right ventricular remodeling and ultimately right heart failure. Regenerative cell therapies (i.e., therapies involving cells(More)
The post-natal heart adapts to stress and overload through hypertrophic growth, a process that may be pathologic or beneficial (physiologic hypertrophy). Physiologic hypertrophy improves cardiac performance in both healthy and diseased individuals, yet the mechanisms that propagate this favorable adaptation remain poorly defined. We identify the cytokine(More)
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