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There is increasing evidence that complement activation may play a role in atherogenesis. Complement proteins have been demonstrated to be present in early atherosclerotic lesions of animals and humans, and cholesterol-induced atherosclerotic lesion formation is reduced in complement-deficient animals. Potential complement activators in atherosclerotic(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that complement activation might represent an important mechanism in early atherogenesis. Thus, complement components, in particular the membrane attack complex (MAC) C5b-9(m), have been isolated from human atherosclerotic lesions. Furthermore, complement activation is known to occur in atherosclerotic lesions induced in(More)
Soluble egg antigens of the parasitic helminth Schistosoma mansoni (S. mansoni egg antigen [SEA]) induce strong Th2 responses both in vitro and in vivo. However, the specific molecules that prime the development of Th2 responses have not been identified. We report that omega-1, a glycoprotein which is secreted from S. mansoni eggs and present in SEA, is(More)
BACKGROUND Allergy is commoner in developed than in developing countries. Chronic worm infections show inverse associations with allergy, and prenatal exposures may be critical to allergy risk. OBJECTIVE To determine whether anthelminthic treatment during pregnancy increases the risk of allergy in infancy. METHODS A randomised, double-blind,(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies suggest that humans can acquire immunity to reinfection with schistosomes, most probably due to immunologic mechanisms acquired after exposure to dying schistosome worms. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We followed longitudinally two cohorts of adult males occupationally exposed to Schistosoma mansoni by washing cars (120 men)(More)
In Schistosoma mansoni and S. japonicum infection, the 22.6 kDa tegumental antigens Sm22.6 and Sj22.6 are principal targets for the human IgE response, and levels of IgE to Sm22.6 have been correlated with resistance to re-infection after chemotherapy. S. haematobium is arguably a more important species in terms of human infection, and in this report we(More)
BACKGROUND A human IgE response to Sm22.6 (a dominant IgE target in Schistosoma mansoni) is associated with the development of partial immunity. Located inside the tegument, the molecule belongs to a family of proteins from parasitic platyhelminths, the Tegument-Allergen-Like proteins (TALs). In addition to containing dynein-light-chain domains, these TALs(More)
Chemotherapy for blood-dwelling schistosomes kills the worms and exposes parasite antigen to the circulation. In many people from areas of endemicity, this treatment increases parasite-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) and other Th2 responses in the months following therapy, responses that have been associated with subsequent resistance to reinfection. Here(More)
BACKGROUND The human IgE response is associated with allergy and with host defence against parasitic worms. A response to Sm22.6, the dominant IgE antigen in adult Schistosoma mansoni worms, correlates with resistance to re-infection after treatment. Sm22.6 is one of a family of EF-hand containing parasite proteins with sequence similarity to dynein light(More)