Colin L. Colby

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BACKGROUND Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is defined by expression of heavy-chain immunoglobulin (IgH) and is the precursor lesion for 80% of cases of multiple myeloma. The remaining 20% are characterised by absence of IgH expression; we aimed to assess prevalence of a corresponding precursor entity, light-chain MGUS. METHODS We(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the free light chain (FLC) assay provides prognostic information relevant to the general population. METHODS After excluding persons with a known plasma cell disorder, we studied 15,859 Olmsted County, Minnesota, residents 50 years or older in whom unmasked data and samples for FLC testing were available. Baseline(More)
Identifying variants associated with complex human traits in high-dimensional data is a central goal of genome-wide association studies. However, complicated etiologies such as gene-gene interactions are ignored by the univariate analysis usually applied in these studies. Random Forests (RF) are a popular data-mining technique that can accommodate a large(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the incidence of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) in the general population and to estimate the duration of occult MGUS before first diagnosis. METHODS To estimate incidence we used innovative methods to exploit the Olmsted County, Minnesota, MGUS prevalence data, along with follow-up from a large cohort of(More)
To further explore reports of association of alcohol dependence and response to acamprosate treatment with the GATA4 rs13273672 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), we genotyped this and 10 other GATA4 SNPs in 816 alcohol-dependent cases and 1248 controls. We tested for association of alcohol dependence with the 11 SNPs individually and performed a global(More)
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed many single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with complex traits. Although these studies frequently fail to identify statistically significant associations, the top association signals from GWAS may be enriched for true associations. We therefore investigated the association of alcohol(More)
The current definition of complete response in multiple myeloma includes a requirement for a bone marrow (BM) examination showing less than 5% plasma cells in addition to negative serum and urine immunofixation. There have been suggestions to eliminate the need for BM examinations when defining complete response. We evaluated 92 patients with multiple(More)
PURPOSE Cardiac involvement predicts poor prognosis in light chain (AL) amyloidosis, and the current prognostic classification is based on cardiac biomarkers troponin-T (cTnT) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-ProBNP). However, long-term outcome is dependent on the underlying plasma cell clone, and incorporation of clonal characteristics may(More)
We examined whether monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is increased in first-degree relatives of multiple myeloma (MM) or MGUS patients. Probands were recruited from a population-based prevalence study (MGUS) and the Mayo Clinic (MM). Serum samples were collected from first-degree relatives older than 40 years and subjected to(More)
We hypothesized that the suppression of uninvolved immunoglobulin in monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) as detected by suppression of the isotype-specific heavy and light chain (HLC-pair suppression) increases the risk of progression to malignancy. This approach required quantitation of individual heavy/light chains (for example, IgGλ(More)