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Bacteriophages GS2 and GS6 for Agrobacterium tumefaciens were shown by electron microscopy to adsorb to flagella. This specificity was confirmed by the finding that phage-resistant mutants were nonmotile. Such mutants retained tumor-inducing virulence and ability to attach to plant cells, indicating that motility was not required for these properties. Both(More)
The field of plant-microbe interactions has witnessed several recent breakthroughs, such as the molecular details of vir gene induction, identification of Nod factors, and the cloning and characterization of avr genes. Other breakthroughs, such as the cloning and characterization of R genes, appear imminent. Parallels to mammalian systems are emerging in(More)
The mitochondrial disulfide relay system of Mia40 and Erv1/ALR facilitates import of the small translocase of the inner membrane (Tim) proteins and cysteine-rich proteins. A chemical screen identified small molecules that inhibit Erv1 oxidase activity, thereby facilitating dissection of the disulfide relay system in yeast and vertebrate mitochondria. One(More)
Diverse protein import pathways into mitochondria use translocons on the outer membrane (TOM) and inner membrane (TIM). We adapted a genetic screen, based on Ura3 mistargeting from mitochondria to the cytosol, to identify small molecules that attenuated protein import. Small molecule mitochondrial import blockers of the Carla Koehler laboratory (MB)-10(More)
A concise synthesis of the N-methylwelwitindolinone C isothiocyanate scaffold is disclosed. The approach relies on an indolyne cyclization to construct the [4.3.1]-bicyclic ring system present in the natural product. Subsequent oxidation of the indole core occurs with excellent diastereoselectivity to afford oxindole 2, the structure of which was confirmed(More)
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