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PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to establish quantitative and qualitative radiographic landmarks for identifying the femoral and tibial attachment sites of the AM and PL bundles of the native ACL and to assess the reproducibility of identification of these landmarks using intraclass correlation coefficients. It was hypothesized that the radiographic(More)
BACKGROUND Quantification of the overall anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and anteromedial (AM) and posterolateral (PL) bundle centers in respect to arthroscopically pertinent bony and soft tissue landmarks has not been thoroughly assessed. HYPOTHESIS A standardized anatomical measurement method can quantitate the locations of the ACL and AM and PL bundle(More)
BACKGROUND Consistent radiographic guidelines for tunnel placement in single- or double-bundle posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstructions are not well defined. Quantitative guidelines reporting the location of the individual PCL bundle attachments would aid in intraoperative tunnel placement and postoperative assessment of a PCL reconstruction. (More)
BACKGROUND The clock-face method to identify the femoral posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) attachment has poor accuracy and reproducibility. Measurements of clinically relevant anatomic structures would provide more useful surgical guidance. The purpose of the present study was to describe the attachments of the anterolateral and posteromedial bundles of(More)
BACKGROUND Currently in double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions, the range of knee flexion angles that surgeons use for anteromedial (AM) and posterolateral (PL) bundle graft fixation spans from 0 degrees to 90 degrees for both bundle grafts. Despite the recent popularity of this procedure, no consensus exists on an optimal set of AM(More)
PURPOSE Double-bundle anterior cruciate reconstructions have led to an increased interest in quantifying anterolateral rotatory stability. The application of combined internal rotation and valgus torques to the knee can more nearly recreate the anterolateral subluxation that occurs in the pivot shift test in vitro compared to coupled internal rotation(More)
PURPOSE We present a surgical technique for chest wall reconstruction using custom-designed titanium implants developed for two female patients to provide both chest wall symmetry and adequate stability for staged breast reconstruction. METHODS A retrospective review was performed for two adolescent female patients with large chest wall defects who(More)
Background. Acute pediatric musculoskeletal infections are common, leading to significant use of resources and antimicrobial exposure. In order to decrease variability and improve the quality of care, Children's Hospital Colorado implemented a clinical care guideline (CCG) for these infections. The purpose of this study is to evaluate clinical and resource(More)
Measurement of progesterone in saliva offers several advantages when compared to assays of serum progesterone, especially when ovarian activity is being assessed. Most published methods for the determination of progesterone in saliva are based on assays developed in research centers, which employ "in-house" reagents that are critically dependent on supplies(More)
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