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The solvation parameter model is used to construct models for the estimation of the soil-water and soil-air distribution constants and to characterize the contribution of fundamental intermolecular interactions to the underlying sorption processes. Wet soil is shown to be quite cohesive and polar but relatively non-selective for dipole-type, lone-pair(More)
Capillary electrophoresis affords a simple, automated approach for the measurement of pKa values in the range 2-11 at a throughput of less than 1 h per sample per instrument. Agreement with literature values is usually within 0.20 log units with a precision better than 0.07 log units. The attractive features of capillary electrophoresis for pKa measurements(More)
Selenium can be determined quantitatively in biological samples after nitric acid-magnesium nitrate digestion and formation of 5-nitropiazselenole, by extraction into toluene for gas-liquid chromatography with electron-capture detection. The method is suitable for the determination of selenium in orchard leaves, bovine liver and human placenta, hair, blood(More)
The solvation parameter model is used to characterize the separation properties of the polar stationary phases EC-Wax and PAG with a poly(ethylene oxide) backbone (substituted with propylene oxide in the case of PAG) and the cyanopropyl-substituted polysilphenylene-siloxane stationary phase BPX90 at five equally spaced temperatures between 60 and 140(More)
The organic volatile constituents of biological fluids contain clinically useful diagnostic information for the recognition of metabolic disorders in man. To gain access to this information, it was necessary to develop the methodology for reproducibly stripping the trace concentrations of volatiles from biological fluids (dynamic headspace, gas(More)
Room temperature ionic liquids are novel solvents with a rather specific blend of physical and solution properties that makes them of interest for applications in separation science. They are good solvents for a wide range of compounds in which they behave as polar solvents. Their physical properties of note that distinguish them from conventional organic(More)
The Tiger Summit, to be hosted by Prime Minister Vladimir Putin in Russia in November 2010—the Chinese Year of the Tiger and the International Year of Biodiversity—promises to be the most significant meeting ever held to discuss the fate of a single non-human species. The Summit will culminate efforts by the Global Tiger Initiative (GTI), launched in 2008(More)
Room temperature ionic liquids are novel solvents with favorable environmental and technical features. Synthetic routes to over 200 room temperature ionic liquids are known but for most ionic liquids physicochemical data are generally lacking or incomplete. Chromatographic and spectroscopic methods afford suitable tools for the study of solvation properties(More)
The solvation parameter model is used to identify suitable chromatographic models for estimating the octanol-water partition coefficient for neutral compounds of varied structure by reversed-phase liquid chromatography. The stationary phase Supelcosil LC-ABZ with methanol-water mobile phases affords a series of suitable correlation models for estimating the(More)
Separation methods for the indirect estimation of the octanol-water partition coefficient (logP) are reviewed with an emphasis on high throughput methods with a wide application range. The solvation parameter model is used to identify suitable separation systems for estimating logP in an efficient manner that negates the need for empirical trial and error(More)