Colin D R Borland

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Pulmonary diffusing capacity (DL) for carbon monoxide (CO) and nitric oxide (NO) were simultaneously measured in man using the single breath method, by adding 4O ppm of NO to the inspired gas and analysing the expirate for NO by a chemiluminescent method. The mean ratio of DLNO to DLCO in thirteen subjects was 4.3 (SD 0.3), mean DLNO = 49 mmol.min-1.kPa-1(More)
Lung diffusing capacity for nitric oxide (DLNO) is used to measure alveolar membrane conductance (DMNO), but disagreement remains as to whether DMNO=DLNO, and whether blood conductance (thetaNO)=infinity. Our previous in vitro and in vivo studies suggested that thetaNO<infinity. We now show in a membrane oxygenator model perfused with whole blood that(More)
1. To examine the effect of varying oxygen partial pressure (PAO2) on nitric oxide (DLNO) and carbon monoxide (DLCO) diffusing capacity (transfer factor), 10 subjects performed combined DLCO/DLNO measurements with the inspired mixture made up with three different oxygen concentrations (25%, 18% and 15%) to give PAO2 values of 12-20 kPa. 2. A novel method is(More)
BACKGROUND Unexplained or primary pulmonary hypertension results in an obliteration and obstruction of resistance pulmonary arteries. In these patients gas exchange is impaired and the measurement of gas transfer for carbon monoxide is usually reduced. This has been thought to represent a reduction in pulmonary alveolar capillary blood volume (Vc). A single(More)
The hypoxaemia of hepatopulmonary syndrome, seen in severe chronic liver dysfunction, occurs as a result of precapillary pulmonary arterial dilatation and arteriovenous communications. These abnormalities contribute to the mismatch between ventilation and perfusion, and the right to left blood flow shunting. Nitric oxide (NO) is a powerful vasodilator(More)
To determine what governs nitric oxide (NO) yields of cigarettes and to obtain a range of yields for contemporary cigarettes 17 UK, 14 US, 8 French and 1 Turkish brand were analysed using a chemiluminescent analyser and standard smoking machine. The country of origin appeared to be the major factor affecting NO yield. US and French brands exceeded UK values(More)
The lung nitric oxide (NO) diffusing capacity (DlNO) mainly reflects alveolar-capillary membrane conductance (Dm). However, blood resistance has been shown in vitro and in vivo. To explore whether this resistance lies in the plasma, the red blood cell (RBC) membrane, or in the RBC interior, we measured the NO diffusing capacity (Dno) in a membrane(More)
Using a rapidly responding nitric oxide (NO) analyzer, we measured the steady-state NO diffusing capacity (DL(NO)) from end-tidal NO. The diffusing capacity of the alveolar capillary membrane and pulmonary capillary blood volume were calculated from the steady-state diffusing capacity for CO (measured simultaneously) and the specific transfer conductance of(More)
To model lung nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO) uptake, a membrane oxygenator circuit was primed with horse blood flowing at 2.5 l/min. Its gas channel was ventilated with 5 parts/million NO, 0.02% CO, and 22% O2 at 5 l/min. NO diffusing capacity (Dno) and CO diffusing capacity (Dco) were calculated from inlet and outlet gas concentrations and flow(More)