Colin C. Williams

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Three experiments investigated memory performance in the retrieval practice paradigm (Anderson, Bjork, & Bjork, 1994; Anderson & Spellman, 1995). This paradigm produces a retrieval-induced forgetting effect, wherein practicing some members of a studied category decreases the recall of other members of that category relative to a baseline. Our findings(More)
Retrieving some members of a memory set impairs later recall of semantically related but not unrelated members (M. C. Anderson, R. A. Bjork, & E. L. Bjork, 1994; M. C. Anderson & B. A. Spellman, 1995). The authors investigated whether this retrieval-induced forgetting effect would generalize to testing procedures other than category-cued recall. Although(More)
Part II: Universal Access Workshop is the second section of a three-part document. It has been generated as part of a research project analysing Canadian approaches to defining and achieving universal access to basic network services, in light of experiences in other countries and international bodies. The Research Report is contained in Part I, while Part(More)
Montréal. Il a pour mission la promotion et la valorisation de la recherche. Érudit offre des services d'édition numérique de documents scientifiques depuis 1998. Note : les règles d'écriture des références bibliographiques peuvent varier selon les différents domaines du savoir. Ce document est protégé par la loi sur le droit d'auteur. L'utilisation des(More)
For much of the 20 th century, the informal economy in advanced western nations was depicted as a leftover from an earlier mode of production and disappearing from view. In recent decades, however, with the recognition that it persists and is even growing, it has been variously re-theorized as either a direct by-product of late capitalism, an alternative to(More)
The view that undeclared work is undertaken by marginalised populations (i.e., those groups relatively excluded from the formal labour market) is a core assumption of not only modernisation theory, which holds that undeclared work is conducted by and for marginal population at the 'bottom of the pyramid', but also political economy theory, which views(More)
In recent years, there has been a growing recognition that some employers illegitimately under-declare employees' salaries by paying an undeclared ('envelope') wage in addition to their official declared salary. The aim of this paper is to evaluate critically the competing perspectives that variously explain the cross-national variations in the propensity(More)
The inability of modern philosophers to furnish any kind of argument for the maintenance of a government is a notorious weakness. In Lysander SpoonerÕs writings, it becomes an odd strength. Throughout such writings as No Treason, A Letter to Thomas F. Bayard, and ÒNatural Law,Ó Spooner asks why taxation and participation in the workings of the state should(More)
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