Colin C. Williams

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Part II: Universal Access Workshop is the second section of a three-part document. It has been generated as part of a research project analysing Canadian approaches to defining and achieving universal access to basic network services, in light of experiences in other countries and international bodies. The Research Report is contained in Part I, while Part(More)
Montréal. Il a pour mission la promotion et la valorisation de la recherche. Érudit offre des services d'édition numérique de documents scientifiques depuis 1998. Note : les règles d'écriture des références bibliographiques peuvent varier selon les différents domaines du savoir. Ce document est protégé par la loi sur le droit d'auteur. L'utilisation des(More)
For much of the 20 th century, the informal economy in advanced western nations was depicted as a leftover from an earlier mode of production and disappearing from view. In recent decades, however, with the recognition that it persists and is even growing, it has been variously re-theorized as either a direct by-product of late capitalism, an alternative to(More)
The view that undeclared work is undertaken by marginalised populations (i.e., those groups relatively excluded from the formal labour market) is a core assumption of not only modernisation theory, which holds that undeclared work is conducted by and for marginal population at the 'bottom of the pyramid', but also political economy theory, which views(More)
  • Colin Williams
  • 2016
How can the railways be full if the lines are empty most of the time? That is the question the general public asks when railway companies say they cannot add additional services because the lines have reached maximum capacity; and it is a valid one. Mainline railways currently use a system of safe operation known as `absolute block', whereby trains are kept(More)
Getting passengers on and off trains efficiently is a fundamental requirement for all passenger railway services. For high frequency services, this process takes the majority of time during a station stop. The speed and reliability of this process drives the station dwell time and hence the potential journey timetable and capacity. Existing UK platform(More)
In recent years, there has been a growing recognition that some employers illegitimately under-declare employees' salaries by paying an undeclared ('envelope') wage in addition to their official declared salary. The aim of this paper is to evaluate critically the competing perspectives that variously explain the cross-national variations in the propensity(More)
The inability of modern philosophers to furnish any kind of argument for the maintenance of a government is a notorious weakness. In Lysander SpoonerÕs writings, it becomes an odd strength. Throughout such writings as No Treason, A Letter to Thomas F. Bayard, and ÒNatural Law,Ó Spooner asks why taxation and participation in the workings of the state should(More)
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