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1. It was found that an occipital evoked potential can be elicited in the human by moving a grating pattern without changing the mean light flux entering the eye. Prolonged viewing of a high contrast grating reduces the amplitude of the potential evoked by a low contrast grating.2. This adaptation to a grating was studied psychophysically by determining the(More)
1. Binocularly driven units were investigated in the cat's primary visual cortex.2. It was found that a stimulus located correctly in the visual fields of both eyes was more effective in driving the units than a monocular stimulus, and much more effective than a binocular stimulus which was correctly positioned in only one eye: the response to the correctly(More)
The mammalian cerebral cortex is innervated by a large number of corticocortical connections. The number of connections makes it difficult to understand the organization of the cortical network. Nonetheless, conclusions about the organization of cortical systems drawn from examining connectional data have often been made in a speculative and informal(More)
We labeled axonal projections using carbocyanine dyes in the developing rat brain to study cellular interactions that might underlie the establishment of thalamocortical connectivity. By embryonic day 14 (E14), groups of neurons in the ventral diencephalon and the primitive internal capsule have established projections to the dorsal thalamus, and thalamic(More)
In 1970 the Boulder Committee described the basic principles of the development of the CNS, derived from observations on the human embryonic cerebrum. Since then, numerous studies have significantly advanced our knowledge of the timing, sequence and complexity of developmental events, and revealed important inter-species differences. We review current data(More)
1. Depth discrimination, using disparity cues alone, was studied with a small fixation point and briefly exposed, vertical slit-shaped targets.2. The upper limit for reliable qualitative localization of a slit as nearer or further than the fixation point is 4-7 deg of absolute disparity in a convergent direction and 9-12 deg in a divergent direction. Even(More)
Previous work has established two structure/function correlations for pyramidal neurons of layer 5 of the primary visual cortex of the rat. First, cells projecting to the superior colliculus have thick apical dendrites with a florid terminal arborization in layer 1, whereas those projecting to the visual cortex of the opposite hemisphere have thinner apical(More)
This paper describes the early morphological and physiological development of pyramidal neurons in layer 5 of the rat visual cortex in relation to the targets chosen by their axons. Cells were prelabeled by retrograde transport from the superior colliculus or the contralateral visual cortex and intracellularly injected either in fixed slices or after(More)
The effects of stimuli falling outside the 'classical receptive field' and their influence on the orientation selectivity of cells in the cat primary visual cortex are still matters of debate. Here we examine the variety of effects of such peripheral stimuli on responses to stimuli limited to the receptive field. We first determined the extent of the(More)