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Finite strain analyses of the left ventricle provide important information on heart function and have the potential to provide insights into the biomechanics of myocardial contractility in health and disease. Systolic dysfunction is the most common cause of heart failure; however, abnormalities of diastolic function also contribute to heart failure, and are(More)
In order to test a new repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulator, the Dantec MagPro, we administered transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) at 1 Hz and 125% of motor threshold for an average of 204 s (until the coil temperature reached 40 degrees C) and 20 Hz stimulation at 100% of motor threshold for 2 s every minute for 10 min, on different days to 10(More)
We used repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to study visual naming in 14 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. Ten had left hemisphere language by Wada testing and all experienced speech arrest with rTMS of the motor speech area in the left frontal lobe. One left-hander had speech arrest with stimulation of sites on both sides. Subjects were(More)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a worldwide epidemic. Its prevalence is rapidly increasing in both developing and developed countries. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is highly prevalent and is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. The purpose of this review is to assess the clinical impact of recent advances in the epidemiology,(More)
Finite stress and strain analyses of the heart provide insight into the biomechanics of myocardial function and dysfunction. Herein, we describe progress toward dynamic patient-specific models of the left ventricle using an immersed boundary (IB) method with a finite element (FE) structural mechanics model. We use a structure-based hyperelastic(More)
Detailed models of the biomechanics of the heart are important both for developing improved interventions for patients with heart disease and also for patient risk stratification and treatment planning. For instance, stress distributions in the heart affect cardiac remodelling, but such distributions are not presently accessible in patients. Biomechanical(More)
BACKGROUND Increased vascular superoxide anion (.O(2)(-)) production contributes to endothelial dysfunction and hypertension in animal models of cardiovascular disease. Observations in experimental animals suggest that angiotensin II (Ang II) increases.O(2)(-) production by activation of vascular NAD(P)H oxidase. We studied the sources of.O(2)(-) production(More)
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is now recognized as a major and escalating public health problem. The costs of this syndrome, both in economic and personal terms, are considerable. The prevalence of CHF is 1-2% and appears to be increasing, in part because of ageing of the population. Economic analyses of CHF should include both direct and indirect costs of(More)
Hypoglycaemia, defined as a plasma glucose concentration below 2.2 mmol/l, developed in 15 of 47 prospectively studied Gambian children with severe chloroquine-sensitive falciparum malaria. 5 of these hypoglycaemic children died compared with 1 in the normoglycaemic group (p = 0.02). In contrast to previous observations in quinine-treated adults, in whom(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether patients with suspected heart failure but preserved systolic function, as determined by conventional echocardiographic measures (often said to have "diastolic heart failure), might have subtle left ventricular systolic dysfunction detectable by a new measure of left ventricular systolic function-left ventricular systolic(More)