Learn More
Finite strain analyses of the left ventricle provide important information on heart function and have the potential to provide insights into the biomechanics of myocardial contractility in health and disease. Systolic dysfunction is the most common cause of heart failure; however, abnormalities of diastolic function also contribute to heart failure, and are(More)
BACKGROUND Increased vascular superoxide anion (.O(2)(-)) production contributes to endothelial dysfunction and hypertension in animal models of cardiovascular disease. Observations in experimental animals suggest that angiotensin II (Ang II) increases.O(2)(-) production by activation of vascular NAD(P)H oxidase. We studied the sources of.O(2)(-) production(More)
Adenosine is a ubiquitous extracellular signaling molecule with essential functions in human physiology. Due to the widespread expression of adenosine receptors, it has far-reaching effects across many different organ systems. With a prominent role in the cardiovascular system, it has been extensively studied for both its therapeutic and diagnostic(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate whether late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) magnetic resonance imaging or N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) could identify patients with a low risk of death or use of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) in patients receiving a primary prevention ICD. BACKGROUND ICDs reduce(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to determine whether measurement of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentration before operation could be used to predict perioperative cardiac morbidity. METHODS A prospective derivation study was performed in high-risk patients undergoing major non-cardiac surgery, with a subsequent validation study. A(More)
BACKGROUND T2-Weighted MRI reveals myocardial edema and enables estimation of the ischemic area at risk and myocardial salvage in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). We compared the diagnostic accuracy of a new bright-blood T2-weighted with a standard black blood T2-weighted MRI in patients with acute MI. METHODS AND RESULTS A breath-hold,(More)
BACKGROUND The relative merits of quantitative coronary analysis (QCA) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) for the assessment of progression/regression in coronary artery disease are uncertain. To explore this subject further, we analyzed the angiographic and IVUS data derived from a contemporary clinical trial population. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
Finite stress and strain analyses of the heart provide insight into the biomechanics of myocardial function and dysfunction. Herein, we describe progress toward dynamic patient-specific models of the left ventricle using an immersed boundary (IB) method with a finite element (FE) structural mechanics model. We use a structure-based hyperelastic(More)
AIMS Percutaneous aortic valve replacement (PAVR) is an emerging therapy for nonsurgical patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). We investigated whether novel therapeutic approaches may facilitate AVR outcomes for high-risk patients. METHODS AND RESULTS Eleven patients [n = 6 (54%) men] aged 82 +/- 10 years underwent PAVR after being refused for open(More)
Exposure to atmospheric fine particulate matter (PM), even at low ambient concentrations, has clearly been linked to increases in mortality and morbidity. A 10- micro g m(-3) increase in PM10 (PM < 10 micro m) has been found to produce a 0.5% increase in daily mortality. The mechanism of action is a source of debate, although recent attention has focused on(More)