Colin A. Wraight

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For twenty years the photosynthetic reaction center (RC) has been the premier testing ground for theoretical understanding of electron transfer in aperiodic systems, with special, but not unique, reference to long distance biological electron transport. In addition to the known structure, many of the attributes that make RCs so well suited to studying(More)
The widely assumed correspondence between fluorescence and photochemistry in photosynthetic systems has recently been challenged by observations on the triplet state of bacteriochlorophyll in reaction centres of Rhodopseudomonas spheroides. In order to check this assumption we have conducted a precise determination of the quantum efficiency of(More)
Proton and electron transfer events in reaction centers (RCs) from Rhodobacter sphaeroides were investigated by site-directed mutagenesis of glutamic acid at position 212 and aspartic acid at 213 in the secondary quinone (QB) binding domain of the L subunit. These residues were mutated singly to the corresponding amides (mutants L212EQ and L213DN) and(More)
The contributions of headgroup and side-chain in the binding and function of the primary (QA) and secondary (QB) quinones of isolated reaction centers (RCs) from Rhodobacter sphaeroides were investigated. Various ubiquinones and structurally similar quinones were reconstituted into RCs depleted of one (1Q-RCs) or both (0Q-RCs) quinones. The influence of(More)
Flash-induced oxygen evolution in the thylakoids of plants and algae exhibits damped oscillations with period four. These are well described by the S-state model of Kok et al. [Kok, B., Forbush, B. & McGloin, M. (1970) Photochem. Photobiol. 11, 457-475], with damping provided by empirical misses and double hits in the reaction center of photosystem II. Here(More)
The photoreduction of ubiquinone in the electron acceptor complex (QIQII) of photosynthetic reaction centers from Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides, R26, was studied in a series of short, saturating flashes. The specific involvement of H+ in the reduction was revealed by the pH dependence of the electron transfer events and by net H+ binding during the formation(More)
The acceptor complex of isolated reaction centers from Rhodopseudomonas viridis contains both menaquinone and ubiquinone. In a series of flashes the ubiquinone was observed to undergo binary oscillations in the formation and disappearance of a semiquinone, indicative of secondary acceptor (QB) activity. The oscillating signal, Q-B, was typical of a(More)
We have measured the kinetics of electron transfer (ET) from the primary quinone (Q(A)) to the special pair (P) of the reaction center (RC) complex from Rhodobacter sphaeroides as a function of temperature (5-300 K), illumination protocol (cooled in the dark and under illumination from 110, 160, 180, and 280 K), and warming rate (1.3 and 13 mK/s). The(More)