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We present data on the decay, after radiotherapy, of naive and memory human T lymphocytes with stable chromosome damage. These data are analyzed in conjunction with existing data on the decay of naive and memory T lymphocytes with unstable chromosome damage and older data on unsorted lymphocytes. The analyses yield in vivo estimates for some life-history(More)
The process of lactation and feeding, referred to by some as the final stage of labour is remarkably successful. This phase of infant care has been subjected to considerable evolutionary pressure since the earliest mammals, reptiles and birds diversified. It has allowed thousands of species to occupy a vast range of ecological niches. Yet a significant(More)
A fatal case of potassium dichromate ingestion is documented. A retrospective review of serum and organ levels of chromium demonstrates that charcoal haemoperfusion, peritoneal and haemodialysis are ineffective therapies for the toxin. Other treatments for this poisoning are reviewed, the poor prognosis of dichromate ingestion, and the paucity of effective(More)
Human breast milk has been observed to contain high concentrations of the chemotactic cytokines (chemokines) interleukin-8 (IL-8) and RANTES. Concentrations are greatest in colostrum, but are measurable in milk after several months of lactation. These chemokines are also found in the secretions of patients with galactorrhoea and in the "witch's milk" of the(More)
The lifespan of thymic-derived or T lymphocytes is of particular interest because of their central role in immunological memory. Is the recall of a vaccination or early infection, which may be demonstrated clinically up to 50 years after antigen exposure, retained by a long-lived cell, or by its progeny? Using the observation that T lymphocyte expression of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Cytokines are thought to be important in mediating tissue damage in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Many of the in vivo activities of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) match the changes found in IBD, but its importance is controversial. METHODS A sensitive, reverse hemolytic plaque assay was used to determine the frequency of(More)
Patients with human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) typically have a high HTLV-1 proviral load in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and abundant, activated HTLV-1-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). No effective treatment for HAM/TSP has been described so far. We report a 10-fold(More)
A recombinant vaccinia virus (NP-VAC) containing cDNA corresponding to segment 5, the nucleoprotein (NP) gene of influenza A/PR/8/34 virus was used to examine the specificity of human influenza virus immune cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). Effector cell preparations from two donors recognized autologous lymphocytes that had been infected with NP-VAC. Lysis(More)