Colin A. J. Farquharson

Learn More
BACKGROUND Increased oxidative stress in chronic heart failure is thought to contribute to endothelial dysfunction. Xanthine oxidase produces oxidative stress and therefore we examined whether allopurinol improved endothelial dysfunction in chronic heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind crossover(More)
BACKGROUND The RALES study showed that spironolactone, added to conventional therapy for chronic heart failure, dramatically reduced mortality. We tested the hypothesis that this benefit was partially due to improvement in endothelial function and/or to amplified suppression of the vascular renin-angiotensin axis. METHODS AND RESULTS We performed a(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to fully characterize vascular tissue angiotensin I (AI)/angiotensin II (AII) conversion changes over time in vivo in humans during chronic angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor therapy. BACKGROUND Plasma AII does not remain fully suppressed during chronic ACE inhibitor therapy. However, the plasma renin(More)
Experimental studies have suggested a role for aldosterone and glucocorticoids in the pathogenesis of endothelial dysfunction. We therefore set out to characterize the acute effects of these hormones on vascular function in vivo in normal humans. A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind crossover study was performed on 16 healthy male volunteers (aged(More)
OBJECTIVES To test whether simply increasing plasma potassium with amiloride would exert any of the same beneficial effects on "surrogate outcome measures" that are seen with spironolactone. The latter has been shown to improve mortality in chronic heart failure, possibly as a result of improvements in endothelial dysfunction, vascular angiotensin(More)
The effect of salt on blood pressure (BP) is controversial. A more important question is whether salt can produce cardiac target-organ damage, irrespective of its effect on BP. We assessed the effect of salt with fludrocortisone on QT dispersion and echocardiographic left ventricular diastolic function in a prospective interventional study involving 29(More)
Animal evidence shows that aldosterone is pro-inflammatory and that aldosterone blockade is anti-inflammatory. Therefore part of the beneficial effect of aldosterone blockade that might contribute to it reducing mortality could be an anti-inflammatory effect. However, there are no previous data on whether aldosterone blockade is anti-inflammatory in man. We(More)
The vascular endothelium maintains a relatively vasodilated state via the release of nitric oxide (NO), a process that could be disrupted by hyperhomocysteinaemia. Since endothelial dysfunction is associated with increased systemic vascular resistance that is the hallmark of sustained arterial hypertension, we hypothesised that in patients with both(More)
INTRODUCTION Losartan improves stimulated endothelial function in patients with cardiovascular disease, but there are no data to establish whether losartan has this effect in normal man. Furthermore, whether losartan improves basal nitric oxide (NO) activity is controversial. We therefore examined whether treatment with losartan improved basal NO activity(More)
Objectives: To test whether simply increasing plasma potassium with amiloride would exert any of the same beneficial effects on “surrogate outcome measures” that are seen with spironolactone. The latter has been shown to improve mortality in chronic heart failure, possibly as a result of improvements in endothelial dysfunction, vascular angiotensin(More)