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The aim of our present study was to compare the efficiency of conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) and fish oil in modulating atherogenic risk markers. Adult male hamsters were given a cholesterol-rich diet (0.6 g/kg) for 8 weeks; the diet was supplemented with 5 g cis-9,trans-11-CLA isomer/kg, 12 g CLA mixture (CLA-mix)/kg, 12 g fish oil/kg or 12 g fish oil+12(More)
Epidemiological and animal studies suggest that the alteration of hormonal and metabolic environment during fetal and neonatal development can contribute to development of metabolic syndrome in adulthood. In this paper, we investigated the impact of maternal high-fat (HF) diet on hypothalamic leptin sensitivity and body weight gain of offspring. Adult(More)
Beta-Cyclodextrin (BCD), a cyclic oligosaccharide that binds cholesterol and bile acids in vitro, has been previously shown to be an effective plasma cholesterol lowering agent in hamsters and domestic pigs. This study examined the effects of BCD as compared with cholestyramine on cholesterol and bile acid metabolism in the LPN hamster model model for(More)
To examine the effects of beta-cyclodextrin (BCD), a non-absorbable carbohydrate, on lipid metabolism, growing pigs were fed a 0.3% cholesterol-enriched diet for 4 weeks or this diet containing 5% or 10% BCD. Pigs fed a basal diet without added cholesterol or BCD were used as controls. The cholesterol-rich diet induced hypercholesterolemia (1.75 vs. 0.84(More)
Adult male genetically hypercholesterolemic RICO rats were studied 6 and 28 days after streptozotocin (STZ) administration together with untreated RICO controls. The absorption coefficient of dietary cholesterol was determined using dual-isotope blood ratio method. Plasma lipoproteins as well as fecal neutral sterols and bile acids were analysed at both(More)
The effects of a fish oil concentrate on blood lipids and lipoproteins were examined in relation to their effects on liver fatty acid synthase (FAS), 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase, adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase (LPL), and hepatic triglyceride lipase (H-TGL). For 15 days, 2-mo-old rats were fed a control diet (10% of calories from(More)
The present study deals with an attempt to describe how the plasma cholesterol level is related to input into the plasma of cholesterol synthesized in the liver and in the intestine. It has previously been shown in our laboratory that, for a given absorption of alimentary cholesterol, the rat plasma cholesterol level decreases when internal secretion of(More)
The present study was designed to examine if induction of apolipoprotein B synthesis is associated with hypercholesterolemia in copper-deficient rats. This hypercholesterolemia mainly resides in an increase in the HDL-1 and LDL and is associated with a significant increase in plasma apoB concentration. Liver apoB mRNA levels were not significantly modified(More)
The influence of myristic acid in a narrow physiological range (0.5 to 2.4% of total dietary energy) on the plasma and hepatic cholesterol metabolism was investigated in the hamster. The hamsters were fed on a diet containing 12.5 g fat/100 g and 0.05 g cholesterol/100 g with 0.5% myristic acid (LA diet) for 3 weeks (pre-period). During the following 3(More)
Since experimental Se deficiency results in a significant increase in plasma cholesterol concentration the present investigation was undertaken to assess further the influence of this deficiency on the expression of proteins involved in hepatic lipid metabolism. Se deficiency was induced by feeding weanling male Wistar rats on a deficient diet for 6 weeks.(More)