Colette Sérougne

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Epidemiological and animal studies suggest that the alteration of hormonal and metabolic environment during fetal and neonatal development can contribute to development of metabolic syndrome in adulthood. In this paper, we investigated the impact of maternal high-fat (HF) diet on hypothalamic leptin sensitivity and body weight gain of offspring. Adult(More)
The influence of myristic acid in a narrow physiological range (0.5 to 2.4% of total dietary energy) on the plasma and hepatic cholesterol metabolism was investigated in the hamster. The hamsters were fed on a diet containing 12.5 g fat/100 g and 0.05 g cholesterol/100 g with 0.5% myristic acid (LA diet) for 3 weeks (pre-period). During the following 3(More)
Beta-Cyclodextrin (BCD), a cyclic oligosaccharide that binds cholesterol and bile acids in vitro, has been previously shown to be an effective plasma cholesterol lowering agent in hamsters and domestic pigs. This study examined the effects of BCD as compared with cholestyramine on cholesterol and bile acid metabolism in the LPN hamster model model for(More)
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of increasing amounts of dietary myristic acid (0.03 to 4.2% of the total dietary energy) on the plasma and hepatic cholesterol metabolism. Six groups of hamsters received semi-purified diets containing 0.05% cholesterol and 12.5% lipids and differing only by the nature of the triglycerides (Safflower(More)
The effects of a fish oil concentrate on blood lipids and lipoproteins were examined in relation to their effects on liver fatty acid synthase (FAS), 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase, adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase (LPL), and hepatic triglyceride lipase (H-TGL). For 15 days, 2-mo-old rats were fed a control diet (10% of calories from(More)
The aim of our present study was to compare the efficiency of conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) and fish oil in modulating atherogenic risk markers. Adult male hamsters were given a cholesterol-rich diet (0.6 g/kg) for 8 weeks; the diet was supplemented with 5 g cis-9,trans-11-CLA isomer/kg, 12 g CLA mixture (CLA-mix)/kg, 12 g fish oil/kg or 12 g fish oil+12(More)
To examine the effects of beta-cyclodextrin (BCD), a non-absorbable carbohydrate, on lipid metabolism, growing pigs were fed a 0.3% cholesterol-enriched diet for 4 weeks or this diet containing 5% or 10% BCD. Pigs fed a basal diet without added cholesterol or BCD were used as controls. The cholesterol-rich diet induced hypercholesterolemia (1.75 vs. 0.84(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolic and endocrine environment during early life is crucial for metabolic imprinting. When dams were fed a high fat diet (HF diet), rat offspring developed hypothalamic leptin resistance with lean phenotype when weaned on a normal diet. Interestingly, when grown on the HF diet, they appeared to be protected against the effects of HF diet as(More)
PURPOSE The investigation of the effects of ionizing radiation on hepatic cholesterol metabolism and the concentration and composition of plasma lipoproteins in the male Syrian hamster. MATERIALS AND METHODS After sublethal whole-body 60Co gamma-irradiation (8 Gy, 1 Gy/min), plasma lipoproteins were separated by density-gradient ultracentrifugation.(More)
Adult male genetically hypercholesterolemic RICO rats were studied 6 and 28 days after streptozotocin (STZ) administration together with untreated RICO controls. The absorption coefficient of dietary cholesterol was determined using dual-isotope blood ratio method. Plasma lipoproteins as well as fecal neutral sterols and bile acids were analysed at both(More)