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3-Hydroxypropionaldehyde (3-HPA) produced by Lactobacillus reuteri is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial substance of glycerol conversion. The aim of the present work was to optimize 3-HPA production by Lb. reuteri ATCC 53608 using a two-step process. The first step was the production of Lb. reuteri cells in optimal conditions. Cells were then harvested by(More)
3-hydroxypropionaldehyde (3-HPA) forms, together with HPA-hydrate and HPA-dimer, a dynamic, multi-component system (HPA system) used in food preservation, as a precursor for many modern chemicals such as acrolein, acrylic acid, and 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO), and for polymer production. 3-HPA can be obtained both through traditional chemistry and bacterial(More)
AIMS To evaluate the sensitivity of 21 common intestinal bacteria to six antibiotics and three broad-spectrum bacteriocins (nisins Z and A and pediocin PA-1). METHODS AND RESULTS Neutralized cell-free culture supernatants containing active bacteriocins, and antibiotics were tested with the agar diffusion test and the disc-diffusion method, respectively.(More)
Leuconostoc mesenteroides UL5 was found to produce a bacteriocin, referred as mesenterocin 5, active against Listeria monocytogenes strains but with no effect on several useful lactic acid bacteria. The antimicrobial substance is a protein, since its activity was completely destroyed following protease (pronase) treatment. However, it was relatively heat(More)
Bacteria isolated from infant feces were immobilized in polysaccharide gel beads (2.5% gellan gum, 0.25% xanthan gum) using a two-phase dispersion process. A 52-day continuous culture was carried out in a single-stage chemostat containing precolonized beads and fed with a medium formulated to approximate the composition of infant chyme. Different dilution(More)
Two strains of the yeast-like fungus Aureobasidium pullulans 2552 and 140B have been used for the fermentative production of the polysaccharide pullulan from a sucrose synthetic medium. In the batch fermentation, either in Erlenmeyers or in the fermentor, the pH of the culture medium was decreased rapidly from its initial pH value of 5.5 to the(More)
The effect on yogurt properties of in situ production of exopolysaccharides (EPS) and addition of 2 EPS powders (crude and purified EPS from Lactobacillus rhamnosus RW-9595M fermentation in whey-based medium) at different concentrations was studied. No effect of purified powder addition for EPS concentrations up to 500 mg/L was observed on acidification(More)
Peptide antibiotics, particularly lantibiotics, are good candidates for replacing antibiotics to which bacteria have become resistant. In order to compare two such lantibiotics with two antibiotics, the MICs of nisin A, mutacin B-Ny266, vancomycin, and oxacillin against various bacterial pathogens were determined. The results indicate that nisin A and(More)
Mutacins are bactericidal substances of proteinaceous nature produced by Streptococcus mutans. Lantibiotics are antibacterial substances containing post-translationally modified amino acids such as lanthionine. Mutacin B-Ny266 was purified from the cell pellet of S. mutans strain Ny266 by ethanol extraction at pH 2.0 followed by reversed-phase(More)
AIMS This study aimed to characterize new isolates of human bifidobacteria, evaluate some of their probiotic potential and to screen these isolates for their effectiveness at inhibiting Listeria monocytogenes in vitro. METHODS AND RESULTS Thirty-four Bifidobacterium isolates from infant faeces were identified by fructose-6-phosphate phosphoketolase and(More)