Colette Galand

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Human red cell cytosol acid phosphatase activity is supported by a main enzyme which can be extracted by DEAE and phosphocellulose chromatography. It uses pNPP as a substrate and is a protein phosphatase specific to phosphotyrosine. It dephosphorylates the tyrosine-phosphorylated cytosolic fragment of membrane protein 3. When taken together, these results(More)
Among 80 hereditary spherocytosis (HS) kindreds studied using denaturing electrophoretic separation of solubilized eythrocyte membrane proteins, we recognized three prominent subsets: HS with isolated spectrin deficiency, HS with combined spectrin and ankyrin deficiency, and HS with band 3 deficiency These three subsets represent more than 80% of the HS(More)
Enzyme abnormalities are frequently found in the red cells of patients with various acquired blood disorders. In leukaemias, preleukaemic states and bone marrow insufficiencies with or without sideroblastosis, changes in enzyme activity are usually characterized by the coexistence of deficiency of some enzymes and an increased activity of others. The most(More)
Two patients with mild chronic haemolytic anaemia, a mother and her son, were found to be heterozygous for erythrocyte pyruvate kinase deficiency. In the red blood cells the enzymatic activity was reduced by about 50% and the residual PK had normal kinetic properties, stability and electrofocusing pattern. The PK antigen concentration was also decreased by(More)
We report clinical, morphological and biochemical studies performed on 38 cases of hereditary elliptocytosis (HE). The major determinant of membrane shape and stability is a proteinaceous meshwork named membrane skeleton, composed mainly of spectrin, actin, protein 4.1 and ankyrin. Spectrin is a heterodimer composed of two chains alpha and beta. Two(More)
Spectrins, components of the membrane skeleton, are implicated in various cellular functions. Understanding the diversity of these functions requires better characterization of the interacting domains of spectrins, such as the SH3 domain. Yeast two-hybrid screening of a kidney cDNA library revealed that the SH3 domain of alpha II-spectrin binds specifically(More)
1. In whole ghosts, ankyrin, protein 4.1, protein band 3 and spectrin are lysed by purified calpain I in the presence of calcium. 2. Limited calpain lysis of purified ankyrin results in several peptides, including a 85 kD peptide bearing the ankyrin interaction site for the protein band 3 internal fragment (43 kD), and a 55 kD peptide carrying the(More)
The authors studied red blood cell pyruvate kinase activity of 202 patients with various hemopathies. A PK deficiency of moderate grade was found in 39% of patients with acute myeloblastic leukemias, in 57% of those with primary medullary insufficiency without aplasia, in 61% of those with refractory sideroblastic anemia. The PK deficiency was often(More)