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A lambda gt11 cDNA library constructed from human tracheo-bronchial mucosa was screened with a polyclonal antiserum raised to chemically deglycosylated pronase glycopeptides from human bronchial mucins. Out of 20 positives clones, one partial cDNA clone was isolated and allowed to map a novel human tracheo-bronchial mucin gene. It contains 48 nucleotide(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Previous studies on rodents have suggested that catecholamines stimulate proliferation of the intestinal epithelium through activation of alpha(2) adrenoceptors located on crypt cells. The occurrence of this effect awaits demonstration in humans and the molecular mechanisms involved have not yet been elucidated. Here, we examined the(More)
cAMP and dexamethasone are known to modulate Na+ transport in epithelial cells. We investigated whether dibutyryl cAMP (DBcAMP) and dexamethasone modulate the mRNA expression of two key elements of the Na+ transport system in isolated rat alveolar epithelial cells: alpha-, beta-, and gamma-subunits of the epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC) and the alpha1- and(More)
Functional selectivity of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) ligands toward different downstream signals has recently emerged as a general hallmark of this receptor class. However, pleiotropic and crosstalk signaling of GPCRs makes functional selectivity difficult to decode. To look from the initial active receptor point of view, we developed new, highly(More)
The family of alpha(2)-adrenergic receptors (alpha(2)-ARs) comprises three subtypes which are each endowed with specific functions. alpha(2)-agonists and alpha(2)-antagonists are part of the clinician armamentarium since several decades; however, none of the compounds so far available is subtype selective. For long, clonidine and yohimbine have been used(More)
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) was found to cause a dose-dependent decrease in fructose 2,6-bisphosphatase concomitant with an increase in cyclic AMP in cultured HT29 cancer cells from human colon. The maximum effect was a 41% decrease obtained with 10 nM-VIP, and half-maximum effect was obtained with 0.75 nM-VIP. The effect of 2.5 nM-VIP was almost(More)
We have investigated the mechanisms whereby alpha(2B)-adrenergic receptor (alpha(2B)-AR) promotes MAPK activation in a clone of the renal tubular cell line, LLC-PK1, transfected with the rat nonglycosylated alpha(2)-AR gene. Treatment of LLC-PK1-alpha(2B) with UK14304 or dexmedetomidine caused arachidonic acid (AA) release and ERK2 phosphorylation. AA(More)
Sympathetic nervous system (SNS) plays a key role in cardiac homeostasis and its deregulations always associate with bad clinical outcomes. To date, little is known about molecular mechanisms regulating cardiac sympathetic innervation. The aim of the study was to determine the role of fibroblasts in heart sympathetic innervation. RT-qPCR and western-blots(More)
Increased incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) with consecutive progression to end-stage renal disease represents a significant burden to healthcare systems. Renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TIF) is a classical hallmark of CKD and is well correlated with the loss of renal function. The bioactive lysophospholipid lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), acting(More)
Effect of glutamine deprivation (GLN- medium) and of its replacement by 4mM ammonium chloride (GLN-/NH4+ medium) or by 4mM glutamate (GLN-/Gt+ medium) was studied on growth rate, morphology and metabolism of HT29 human colon cancer cells. Growth rates were modified as follows: at the first passage, growth of GLN- cells was strongly decreased (doubling time:(More)