Coleen A. Boyle

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BACKGROUND Trend data for causes of child death are crucial to inform priorities for improving child survival by and beyond 2015. We report child mortality by cause estimates in 2000-13, and cause-specific mortality scenarios to 2030 and 2035. METHODS We estimated the distributions of causes of child mortality separately for neonates and children aged(More)
CONTEXT Concern has been raised about possible increases in the prevalence of autism. However, few population-based studies have been conducted in the United States. OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of autism among children in a major US metropolitan area and to describe characteristics of the study population. DESIGN, SETTING, AND POPULATION(More)
OBJECTIVES The reported increasing prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attendant health and family impact make monitoring of ASD prevalence a public health priority. METHODS The prevalence of parent-reported diagnosis of ASD among US children aged 3 to 17 years was estimated from the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health (sample size:(More)
OBJECTIVE This study determined the prevalence of autism for a defined community, Brick Township, New Jersey, using current diagnostic and epidemiologic methods. METHODS The target population was children who were 3 to 10 years of age in 1998, who were residents of Brick Township at any point during that year, and who had an autism spectrum disorder.(More)
OBJECTIVE To fill gaps in crucial data needed for health and educational planning, we determined the prevalence of developmental disabilities in US children and in selected populations for a recent 12-year period. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS We used data on children aged 3 to 17 years from the 1997-2008 National Health Interview Surveys, which are ongoing(More)
Despite the enormous heterogeneity of genetic hearing loss, variants in one locus, Gap Junction Beta 2 or GJB2 (connexin 26), account for up to 50% of cases of nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss in some populations. This article reviews genetic epidemiology studies of the alleles of GJB2, prevalence rates, genotype-phenotype relations, contribution to(More)
Studies document various associated health risks for children with developmental disabilities (DDs). Further study is needed by disability type. Using the 2006-2010 National Health Interview Surveys, we assessed the prevalence of numerous medical conditions (e.g. asthma, frequent diarrhea/colitis, seizures), health care use measures (e.g. seeing a medical(More)
OBJECTIVE Data from the 1988 National Health Interview Survey--Child Health Supplement were used to examine the prevalence of selected developmental disabilities and their impact among children ages 0 through 17 years. DESIGN The following conditions, identified through a structured in-person interview with a parent or other adult household member, were(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine trends in alcohol use among pregnant women in the United States and to characterize pregnant women who use alcohol, with an emphasis on frequent use (at least five drinks per occasion or at least seven drinks per week). METHODS We used the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 1988 through 1995 to obtain the percentage(More)
The primary goal of this study was to assess the association between the full birth weight distribution and prevalence of specific developmental disabilities and related measures of health and special education services utilization in US children. Using data from the 1997–2005 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) Sample Child Core, we identified 87,578(More)