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Melatonin is a pineal hormone that regulates seasonal reproduction and has been used to treat circadian rhythm disorders. The melatonin 1a receptor is a seven- transmembrane domain receptor that signals predominately via pertussis toxin-sensitive G-proteins. Point mutations were created at residue N124 in cytoplasmic domain II of the receptor and the mutant(More)
The effects of melatonin on circadian pacemaker activity in the central nervous system may be the result of melatonin receptor activation of G-protein coupled potassium channels which inhibit the action potential firing of neurons. Xenopus laevis and human1a melatonin receptors stimulated heteromeric G-protein activated inwardly rectifying potassium(More)
Neurons in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) constitute the principal circadian pacemaker of mammals. In situ hybridization studies revealed expression of orphanin-FQ/nociceptin (OFQ/N) receptor (NOR) mRNA in the SCN, whereas no expression of mRNA for preproOFQ/N (ppOFQ/N) was detected. The presence of OFQ/N peptide in the SCN was demonstrated by(More)
Southern blot analysis of RT-PCR products from brain and heart revealed multiple products for a C-terminal region of Kir3.1. Sequencing yielded clones for wild-type Kir3.1 and three Kir3.1 C-terminal alternative splice variants, including a unique alternative exon. Two of these variants encoded truncated Kir3.1 molecules. Tissue distribution and(More)
Whole-cell voltage-clamp recordings were made from suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) neurons maintained in horizontal brain slices. The majority of neurons exhibited spontaneous and evoked excitatory and inhibitory synaptic currents (EPSC and IPSC), mediated by glutamate and GABA respectively. Melatonin had no effect on either the spontaneous or evoked EPSC or(More)
The potency of Pb2+ inhibition of glutamate-activated currents mediated by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors was dependent on the subunits composing the receptors when functionally expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Pb2+ reduced the amplitudes of glutamate-activated currents and shifted the agonist EC50 values of NMDA receptors consisting of different(More)
Dopamine D2 receptors contain a cluster of serine residues in the fifth transmembrane domain that contribute to activation of the receptor as well as to the binding of agonists. We used rat D2S dopamine receptor mutants, each containing a serine-to-alanine substitution (S193A, S194A, S197A), to investigate the mechanism through which these residues affect(More)
Pb+2 is a potent inhibitor of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors and its action is dependent on neuronal maturation. Developmentally regulated expression of NMDA receptor subunits may underlie the changing sensitivity to Pb+2. In oocytes expressing in vitro transcribed cRNAs for zeta 1 epsilon 1 or zeta 1 epsilon 2 NMDA receptor subunits, Pb+2 inhibited(More)
A clone encoding a 5TH7 receptor, XM2, has been isolated from Xenopus laevis. The mRNA encoding XM2 is expressed in brain, liver, muscle, kidney, intestine and skin, but not in heart or lung. Co-expression of XM2 and the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) in Xenopus oocytes demonstrated coupling of the receptor and the channel via(More)
The immunologic mechanism of protective immunity to the intracellular parasite Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) is not well understood, however, antilisterial immunity can be adoptively transferred with T lymphocytes from Lm-immune donors. The Lm-immune cells are believed to produce macrophage-activating lymphokines, which leads to the eventual(More)