Colby L. Eaton

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In addition to its role in bone turnover, osteoprotegerin (OPG) has been reported to bind to and inhibit Tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL). TRAIL is produced in tumours by invading monocytes, inducing apoptosis in neoplastic cells sensitive to this cytokine. OPG production by tumour cells would therefore be a novel mechanism(More)
Factors that aid survival of prostate cancer cells in the presence of the various categories of cytotoxic cytokines present in tumors in vivo are largely unknown. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a decoy receptor for tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) that inhibits TRAIL-induced apoptosis. In relation to this activity, we hypothesized(More)
Metastatic progression of advanced prostate cancer is a major clinical problem. Identifying the cell(s) of origin in prostate cancer and its distant metastases may permit the development of more effective treatment and preventive therapies. In this study, aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity was used as a basis to isolate and compare subpopulations of(More)
The expression of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R), c-erbB-2 protein product and Ki67 have been evaluated in 105 breast cancers of known responsiveness to endocrine therapy using immunohistochemistry. EGF-R staining was observed in 62 of the tumours and was significantly associated with elevated rates of cell proliferation (%Ki67 positive cells)(More)
Advanced breast cancer is often associated with metastatic bone disease, causing a number of serious complications for the patients such as hypercalceamia, pain, nerve compression and fractures. The formation of bone metastases depends on complex interactions between tumour cells and the cells of the bone microenvironment, but the precise molecular(More)
The unpredictable behavior of prostate cancer presents a major clinical challenge during patient management. In order to gain an insight into the molecular mechanisms associated with prostate cancer progression, we employed the shot-gun proteomic approach of isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ), followed by 2D-LC-MS/MS, using the(More)
BACKGROUND Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is characterized by a proportional increase in the size of the stromal compartment of the gland, involving alterations to extracellular matrix (ECM) components. Some of these changes have been associated with the activity and expression of transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1). Versican (chondroitin(More)
BACKGROUND Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a tumour and/or bone derived factor that may protect tumour cells from apoptosis. In this study, we have measured serum OPG levels in untreated prostate cancer patients with advanced prostate cancer compared to patients with organ confined disease and in treated patients receiving androgen ablation. METHODS Serum OPG(More)
BACKGROUND Dystroglycan is a ubiquitously expressed cell adhesion molecule frequently found to be altered or reduced in adenocarcinomas, however the mechanisms or consequences of dystroglycan loss have not been studied extensively. METHODS We examined the consequence of overexpression or RNAi depletion of dystroglycan on properties of in vitro growth(More)
PURPOSE Clinical trials in early breast cancer have suggested that benefits of adjuvant bone-targeted treatments are restricted to women with established menopause. We developed models that mimic pre- and postmenopausal status to investigate effects of altered bone turnover on growth of disseminated breast tumor cells. Here, we report a differential(More)