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In this paper, we propose and demonstrate a novel wireless camera network system, called CITRIC. The core component of this system is a new hardware platform that integrates a camera, a frequency-scalable (up to 624 MHz) CPU, 16MB FLASH, and 64MB RAM onto a single device. The device then connects with a standard sensor network mote to form a camera mote.(More)
The submitochondrial location of the NAD+ glycohydrolase (NADase) and its role in mitochondrial ADP-ribosyl transfer reactions were investigated in isolated rat liver mitochondria. The NADase catalyzes the hydrolysis of NAD+ to ADP-ribose and nicotinamide. Hydrolysis of intramitochondrial NAD+ has been suggested to be the first step in a nonenzymatic(More)
Cocaine has been associated with hepatotoxicities in man and is a potent hepatotoxin in mice. The theorized toxic metabolite of cocaine is thought to be generated by a multistep pathway mediated primarily by cytochrome P-450. Ethanol, whether administered acutely or chronically, is known to have diverse effects on numerous hepatocellular biochemical(More)
The enzyme-mediated transesterification of the 2-carboxymethyl ester of cocaine to a 2-carboxyethyl ester in the presence of ethanol has been characterized in mice by using both in vitro and in vivo systems. Hepatic subcellular fractionation of mouse livers demonstrated that cocaine transesterification activity was detectable only in the microsomal(More)
Cocaine is hepatotoxic in humans and is a very effective hepatotoxin in the mouse. Previous in vitro studies have shown that the mixed function oxidase system is very important in the metabolism of cocaine to the hepatotoxic species. Activation of cocaine to the cytotoxic species is thought to proceed through the N-demethylation and subsequent(More)
The biochemical mechanism of cocaine hepatotoxicity is thought to involve enzymatic formation of reactive metabolites. The exact hepatocellular effects of these metabolites have yet to be established. This study was designed to monitor, in a time course after an acute cocaine dose, biochemical parameters that are important in cellular defense and(More)
Cocaine-induced hepatotoxicity was examined in vivo in a dose-responsive manner in C57BL/6Ibg, DBA/2Ibg, C3H/2Ibg, and Balb/cJ mice. Serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) activities were determined 24 hours after intraperitoneal (IP) administration of cocaine (20 to 100 mg/kg). Significant elevations (100- to 150-fold) in SGPT were observed in male(More)
The mechanism of cocaine-induced cytotoxicity was investigated in hepatocytes isolated from both male C3H mice and male Sprague-Dawley rats. Cocaine was more cytotoxic to mouse hepatocytes than rat and induced reduced glutathione (GSH) depletion prior to marked increases in cytotoxicity in both systems. In both mouse and rat cells, GSH depletion was(More)