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Integrin adhesion receptors are essential for the normal function of most multicellular organisms, and defective integrin activation or integrin signaling is associated with an array of pathological conditions. Integrins are regulated by conformational changes, clustering, and trafficking, and regulatory mechanisms differ strongly between individual(More)
Integrins are transmembrane αβ glycoproteins that connect the extracellular matrix to the cytoskeleton. The laminin-binding integrin α3β1 is expressed at high levels in lung epithelium and in kidney podocytes. In podocytes, α3β1 associates with the tetraspanin CD151 to maintain a functional filtration barrier. Here, we report on a patient homozygous for a(More)
Hemidesmosomes (HDs) promote the stable adhesion of basal epithelial cells to the underlying basement membrane (BM). Critical for the mechanical stability of the HD is the interaction between integrin alpha6beta4 and plectin, which is destabilized when HD disassembly is required, for instance, to allow keratinocyte migration during wound healing. Growth(More)
BACKGROUND Integrins are heterodimeric αβ transmembrane receptors that play key roles in cellular physiology and pathology. Accumulating data indicate that the two NPxY motifs in the cytoplasmic domain of the β1 subunit synergistically promote integrin activation through the binding of talin and kindlin. However, it is unclear how the individual motifs(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates that there is extensive crosstalk between integrins and TGF-beta signalling. TGF-beta affects integrin-mediated cell adhesion and migration by regulating the expression of integrins, their ligands and integrin-associated proteins. Conversely, several integrins directly control TGF-beta activation. In addition, a number of(More)
The skin forms a barrier against the environment and protects us from mechanical trauma, pathogens, radiation, dehydration, and dangerous temperature fluctuations. The epithelium of the skin, the epidermis, is in a continuous equilibrium of growth and differentiation and has the remarkable capacity to self-renew completely, which relies on reservoirs of(More)
Re-epithelialization after skin wounding requires both migration and hyperproliferation of keratinocytes. Laminin-332 is deposited during migration over the provisional matrix. To investigate the function of the laminin-332 binding integrin alpha3beta1 in wound re-epithelialization, we generated Itga3flox/flox; K14-Cre mice lacking the alpha3 subunit(More)
Hemidesmosomes (HDs) are multiprotein adhesion complexes that promote attachment of epithelial cells to the basement membrane. The binding of alpha6beta4 to plectin plays a central role in their assembly. We have defined three regions on beta4 that together harbor all the serine and threonine phosphorylation sites and show that three serines (S1356, S1360,(More)
Prevention of cell spreading or disruption of actin filaments inhibits growth factor stimulated cell cycle re-entry from quiescence, mainly because of a failure to induce cyclin D expression. Ectopic cyclin D expression overrules anchorage-dependency, suggesting that cell spreading per se is not required as long as cyclin D is otherwise induced. We(More)
Introduction of the integrin β1- but not the β3-subunit in GE11 cells induces an epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition (EMT)-like phenomenon that is characterized by the loss of cell-cell contacts, cell scattering, increased cell migration and RhoA activity, and fibronectin fibrillogenesis. Because galactose-binding lectins (galectins) have been implicated(More)