Coen D. A. Stehouwer

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C-reactive protein, a hepatic acute phase protein largely regulated by circulating levels of interleukin-6, predicts coronary heart disease incidence in healthy subjects. We have shown that subcutaneous adipose tissue secretes interleukin-6 in vivo. In this study we have sought associations of levels of C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 with measures of(More)
CONTEXT Prediction models to identify healthy individuals at high risk of cardiovascular disease have limited accuracy. A low ankle brachial index (ABI) is an indicator of atherosclerosis and has the potential to improve prediction. OBJECTIVE To determine if the ABI provides information on the risk of cardiovascular events and mortality independently of(More)
CONTEXT Persons with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) are known to have an elevated risk of developing diabetes mellitus. Less is known about diabetes risk among persons with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or with normal glucose levels. OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of diabetes in relation to baseline fasting and postload glucose levels and other(More)
Obesity, the insulin resistance syndrome, and atherosclerosis are closely linked and may all be determinants of an increased acute-phase response. In this study, we examined the relationship of C-reactive protein (CRP) with measures of obesity, variables of the insulin resistance syndrome, and intima-media thickness of the common carotid arteries in 186(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent risk factor for atherosclerotic disease in the middle-aged. We investigated whether a high serum homocysteine level is a risk factor for vascular disease in 878 elderly men (mean age at baseline, 71.5 years; range, 64 to 84 years) in a population-based, representative cohort followed up for 10 years in Zutphen, the(More)
OBJECTIVE Metformin is a key treatment option in type 2 diabetes. However, metformin may decrease vitamin B12 levels and increase levels of homocysteine, a cardiovascular risk factor. We investigated whether 16 weeks of treatment with metformin affects serum concentrations of homocysteine, folate and vitamin B12 in subjects with type 2 diabetes treated with(More)
BACKGROUND A high plasma homocysteine concentration is associated with increased risk of atherothrombotic disease. We investigated the effects of homocysteine-lowering treatment (folic acid plus vitamin B6) on markers of subclinical atherosclerosis among healthy siblings of patients with premature atherothrombotic disease. METHODS We did a randomised,(More)
BACKGROUND Air pollution may promote type 2 diabetes by increasing adipose inflammation and insulin resistance. This study examined the relation between long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and type 2 diabetes prevalence among 50- to 75-year-old subjects living in Westfriesland, the Netherlands. METHODS Participants were recruited in a(More)
OBJECTIVES The heat shock proteins 60 and 70 (HSP60, HSP70) play an important role in cytoprotection. Under stress conditions they are released into the circulation and elicit an immune response. Anti-HSP60 and anti-HSP70 antibody levels have been associated with cardiovascular disease. Type 1 diabetes is associated with a greatly increased risk of micro-(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular mortality is increased in chronic haemodialysis (HD) patients and is not completely explained by common cardiovascular risk factors. Hyperhomocysteinaemia and chronic HD per se may play a role, because these factors may adversely affect endothelial function and distensibility of conduit arteries, which are important determinants of(More)