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Potassium leak conductances were recently revealed to exist as independent molecular entities. Here, the genomic structure, cardiac localization, and biophysical properties of a murine example are considered. Kcnk3 subunits have two pore-forming P domains and unique functional attributes. At steady state, Kcnk3 channels behave like open,(More)
Inwardly rectifying K(+) (Kir) channels are important regulators of resting membrane potential and cell excitability. The activity of Kir channels is critically dependent on the integrity of channel interactions with phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)). Here we identify and characterize channel-PIP(2) interactions that are conserved among Kir(More)
KCNK subunits have two pore-forming P domains and four predicted transmembrane segments. To assess the number of subunits in each pore, we studied external proton block of Kcnk3, a subunit prominent in rodent heart and brain. Consistent with a pore-blocking mechanism, inhibition was dependent on voltage, potassium concentration, and a histidine in the first(More)
Rationale: The mitochondrial ATP sensitive potassium channel (mK ATP) is implicated in cardioprotection by ischemic preconditioning (IPC), but the molecular identity of the channel remains controversial. The validity of current methods to assay mK ATP activity is disputed. Objective: We sought to develop novel methods to assay mK ATP activity and its(More)
Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD) claims 7 million lives per year. The importance of myocardial electrogram (EGM) repolarization alternans and surface electrocardiogram (ECG) T-wave alternans is gaining traction for understanding the underlying SCD mechanisms. However, the relationship between the 3D spatial distribution of myocardial EGMs and surface ECG with(More)
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