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This paper compares two novel field-bus protocols for lowcost single-chip smart sensor and actuator nodes, LIN and TTP/A. Both protocols are central-master UART protocols, where the master with its precise oscillator establishes the stable time-base required by the slaves to synchronize their imprecise on-chip oscillators. While LIN provides the basic(More)
Biosorption has emerged as a low-cost and often low-tech option for removal or recovery of base metals from aqueous wastes. The conditions under which precious metals such as gold, platinum and palladium are sorbed by biomass are often very different to those under which base metals are sorbed. This, coupled with the increasingly high demand for precious(More)
Agile development emphasizes collaborations among customers, business analysts, domain experts, developers, and testers. However, the large scale and rapid pace of many agile projects presents challenges during testing activities. Large sets of test artifacts must be comprehensible and available to various stakeholders, traceable to requirements, and easily(More)
The process of platinum group metal (PGM) refining can be up to 99.99% efficient at best, and although it may seem small, the amount of valuable metal lost to waste streams is appreciable enough to warrant recovery. The method currently used to remove entrained metal ions from refinery wastewaters, chemical precipitation, is not effective for selective(More)
There continues to be a trend towards using the power of cloud computing to tackle inherently large and complicated problem domains. Validating domain-intensive cloud applications presents a significant challenge because of the complexity of both the problem domain and the underlying cloud platform. In this paper, we describe an approach that leverages(More)
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