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Prediction equations for normal lung function have been derived from tests on 179 healthy, non-smoking, white urban dwellers. The subjects, 96 women (height 1.46-1.77 m) and 83 men (height 1.61-1.96 m) aged 18-86 years, underwent measurements of spirometric flow and volume, multi-breath helium dilution lung volumes, and single breath carbon monoxide(More)
BACKGROUND Techniques for sampling arterialised capillary blood from the finger pulp and the earlobe were first described over two decades ago but, although close agreement between arterial values and earlobe samples has been demonstrated in normal subjects, this technique is not in common usage. METHODS Forty patients with chronic lung disease and a wide(More)
BACKGROUND Acute chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations use many hospital bed days and have a high rate of mortality. Previous audits have shown wide variability in the length of stay and mortality between units not explained by patient factors. This study aimed to explore associations between resources and organisation of care and(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence for improved exercise tolerance or relief of breathlessness by short term use of oxygen before or after exercise in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is scant, and guidelines for this treatment are lacking despite widespread provision in the UK. METHODS The effect of oxygenation either before or after exercise(More)
BACKGROUND The 1997 BTS/RCP national audit of acute chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in terms of process of care has previously been reported. This paper describes from the same cases the outcomes of death, readmission rates within 3 months of initial admission, and length of stay. Identification of the main pre-admission predictors of outcome(More)
The authors describe the computed tomographic (CT) appearances of aspergilloma in 26 patients. With narrow (3-mm) sections, a bone algorithm, and wide window settings, CT scans enabled accurate identification of both the forming aspergilloma as well as the mature fungus ball in 25 cases. The diagnostic accuracy of CT was confirmed histologically in nine(More)
BACKGROUND AND DESIGN Seventeen patients with subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (SCLE) were compared with 15 patients with discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) to evaluate the relationship of 60- and 52-kd Ro/SSA autoantibodies to the clinical diagnosis and to evaluate assays for anti-Ro/SSA. RESULTS All serum samples from patients with SCLE had(More)
BACKGROUND Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have a high rate of mortality which gets worse with advancing age. It is unknown whether this is due to age related deficiencies in process of care. A study was undertaken in patients with COPD exacerbations admitted to UK hospitals to assess whether there were age related differences(More)
Despite publication of several management guidelines for COPD, relatively little is known about standards of care in clinical practice. Data were collected on the management of 1400 cases of acute admission with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in 38 UK hospitals to compare clinical practice against the recommended British Thoracic Society standards.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if unilateral thoracic irradiation results in a lymphoid alveolitis in both irradiated and unirradiated lung fields. DESIGN A prospective, nonrandomized study. PATIENTS Women receiving postoperative radiotherapy for carcinoma of the breast were evaluated both before and 4 to 6 weeks after radiotherapy. Findings after radiotherapy(More)