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RATIONALE The Eating Assessment Tool-10 (EAT-10) is a self-administered, analogical, direct-scoring screening tool for dysphagia. OBJECTIVE To translate and adapt the EAT-10 into Spanish, and to evaluate its psychometric properties. METHODS After the translation and back-translation process of the EAT-10 ES, a prospective study was performed in adult(More)
The characteristics of homeless people in Europe are almost unknown. The aim of this study was to describe the lifetime and 12-month prevalence of DSM-III-R/CIDI mental disorders among the homeless population of Madrid. A total of 261 homeless subjects, sampled from different sites, participated in the study. In terms of DSM-III-R lifetime rates, 50% of the(More)
The Basque population is one of the oldest populations of Europe. It has been suggested that the Basques arose from a population established in western Europe during the late Paleolithic Age. The Basque language (Euskera) is a supposedly pre-Indo-European language that originates from the first settlers of Europe. The variable distribution of the major(More)
BACKGROUND Oral nutritional supplements have been recommended after orthopedic surgery in geriatric patients to reduce postoperative complications. However, tolerability of supplements could be a limitation, and their universal use is not supported by the heterogeneity of previous studies, especially in patients without malnutrition. METHODS This study is(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Vitamin D deficiency has been recently associated with the metabolic syndrome. However, it is not known whether this possible association of vitamin D deficiency with the metabolic syndrome is still present at very high degrees of obesity, as in morbidly obese patients. METHODS Transversal, observational study that included 73(More)
A hexosaminidase from autolyzed cultures of Aspergillus nidulans was purified 196 fold and characterized as a beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase (EC 3.2.1.30). The enzyme has a MW of 190000, a pI of 4.3, and optimum pH of 5.0 and is unstable at temperatures above 50 degrees C. The enzyme is a glycoprotein with 19.5% sugars, mannose being the principal component.(More)
AIMS To evaluate serum levels of osteocalcin (OC), procollagen type 1 N-terminal propeptide (P1PN) and beta-CrossLaps (beta-CTx) in obese subjects and their relationship with glucose metabolism parameters. SUBJECTS Sixty-four obese patients classified according to their glucose tolerance. DESIGN Case-control study. MEASUREMENTS A 75-g oral glucose(More)
Fumonisins are important mycotoxins basically produced by strains from the Gibberella fujikuroi species complex (with anamorphs in Fusarium genus) which contaminate food and feed products representing a risk to human and animal health. In this work, we report for the first time the fumonisin production of Fusarium moniliforme Sheldon strains associated to(More)
An antifungal polypeptide (AFP) of 51 amino acid residues, secreted by the mould Aspergillus giganteus, has been purified to homogeneity and characterized. The inhibitory effect of this protein on the growth of different microorganisms has been studied. Whereas the growth of many of the filamentous fungi assayed is inhibited, no effect has been observed(More)
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SH) is a frequent metabolic complication of bariatric surgery. Around 70%of patients who undergo biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) have this complication in the long term. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relative influence of vitamin D deficiency and calcium malabsorption in the development of SH in patients who(More)