Clotilde Ciampa

Learn More
PURPOSE Older enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) may induce supraphysiologic plasma concentrations of total (t) homocysteine (Hcy). The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of new AEDs on plasma tHcy levels. METHODS Patients 18-50 years of age, on AEDs monotherapy, with no other known cause of hyper-tHcy were enrolled. Plasma(More)
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is the most important direct seizure-related cause of death, and most cases usually occur in patients with intractable, longstanding epilepsy. Suspected mechanisms for SUDEP include central and obstructive apnea, cardiac arrhythmia, postictal respiratory arrest, and primary cessation of brain activity. We report a(More)
INTRODUCTION Familial mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (FMTLE) is characterized by prominent psychic and autonomic seizures, often without hippocampal sclerosis (HS) or a previous history of febrile seizures (FS), and good prognosis. The genetics of this condition is largely unknown.We present the electroclinical and genetic findings of 15 MTLE Italian(More)
The possible occurrence of asymptomatic retinal vascular damage was investigated in 87 hyperhomocysteinemic (plasma total homocysteine >13micromol/L) adult epileptic patients (46 M, 41 F; age 34.2+/-7.5 years; mean plasma homocysteine levels 29.8+/-15.4micromol/L; duration of epilepsy 11.5+/-2.4 years) with no other risk factors for atherosclerosis. Plasma(More)
OBJECTIVE To conduct an open-label, add-on trial on safety and efficacy of levetiracetam in severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (SMEI). PATIENTS AND METHODS SMEI patients were recruited from different centers according to the following criteria: age > or =3 years; at least four tonic-clonic seizures/month during the last 8 weeks; previous use of at least(More)
We report the case of a 57-year-old man who experienced life-threatening myoclonic status after the administration of gabapentin. Based on familial data, the patient was determined to be a member of a previously described family with benign adult familial myoclonic epilepsy (BAFME). The myoclonic status did not respond to benzodiazepines, but resolved after(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the pattern of prescription of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and other medications in a representative population of patients with refractory epilepsy attending tertiary referral centres in Italy. METHODS Descriptive analysis of data obtained at baseline from 933 adults and 191 children with refractory epilepsy enrolled consecutively in(More)
PURPOSE The arteriole-to-venule ratio (AVR) is widely used for investigating subclinical cerebral microangiopathy. The possible occurrence of retinal vascular caliber changes was investigated in a population of hyperhomocysteinaemic (plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) >13 micromol/l) adult epileptic patients. METHODS Retinal photographs of cases and(More)
Familial mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (FMTLE) is characterized by prominent psychic and autonomic seizures, often without hippocampal sclerosis (HS) or a previous history of febrile seizures (FS), and good prognosis. The genetics of this condition is largely unknown.We present the electroclinical and genetic findings of 15 MTLE Italian families. FMTLE was(More)