Clive Woolfe

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OBJECTIVES To determine whether tryptophan metabolism to kynurenine contributes to the direct regulation of vascular tone in human septic shock. BACKGROUND Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 is an inducible enzyme that converts tryptophan to kynurenine and shares functional similarities with inducible nitric oxide synthase. Recently, kynurenine has been(More)
Gastroesophageal reflux is the commonest esophageal cause of chronic intermittent aspiration. The authors investigated 1000 consecutive patients with reflux with reference to their medical history, and by barium esophagography, esophageal manometry and pH studies. In patients with respiratory complications, chest roentgenography and pulmonary function tests(More)
INTRODUCTION Research on co-enrollment practices and their impact are limited in the ICU setting. The objectives of this study were: 1) to describe patterns and predictors of co-enrollment of patients in a thromboprophylaxis trial, and 2) to examine the consequences of co-enrollment on clinical and trial outcomes. METHODS In an observational analysis of(More)
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