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This paper examines the causes of bankruptcy for a sample of 949 UK listed companies between 1987–1994. The most important determinants of bankruptcy are profitability, leverage, cashflow, company size, industry sector and the economic cycle. Tests for heteroskedasticity revealed that cashflow and leverage have significant non-linear effects, and taking(More)
Theory suggests that managers issue earnings forecasts to reduce information asymmetry. An earnings forecast is more effective in reducing information asymmetry if it contains earnings news that is relatively more informative about the firm's value. We hypothesize that a manager is more likely to issue an earnings forecast if investors perceive that(More)
• \bstract—Theoretical research suggests that large auditors have more incentive to issue accurate reports compared to small auditors (DeAngelo. 1981; Dye, 1993). Controiling for the client characteristics of large and small auditors, this paper shows that large auditors issue reports that are more accurate and more informative signals of financial(More)
We investigate the relation between perceived competition and voluntary disclosure in the absence of capital market incentives by examining private UK companies, which have the option to withhold sales and costs of sales information from their publicly-filed accounts. We survey managers about their companies' competitive environments and we calculate(More)
This paper investigates the effect of non-audit services on audit quality. Following the announcement of the requirement to disclose non-audit fees, approximately one-third of UK quoted companies disclosed before the requirement became effective. Whilst distressed companies were more likely to disclose early, auditor size, directors' shareholdings and(More)
In 2005-2006, the PCAOB imposed restrictions on auditors' tax services in order to strengthen auditor independence and improve audit quality. The restrictions resulted in a significant drop in auditor-provided tax services (APTS). To test the impact on audit quality, I partition the sample into a treatment group (companies whose APTS purchases dropped(More)