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AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Type 2 diabetes risk is associated with low birth weight, rapid weight gain during childhood, and shorter stature and lower circulating IGF-I levels in adults. The largest variations in growth rates occur during the first postnatal years. We hypothesised that early postnatal variations in height and weight gain and IGF-I levels may be(More)
Associations between low birth weight and higher adrenal androgen secretion before puberty have yet only been reported in case-control studies in girls. We examined the influence of birth weight and early postnatal weight gain on overnight-fasting adrenal androgen and cortisol levels in 770 children from a large normal United Kingdom birth cohort at age 8(More)
Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated associations between low birth weight and increased rates of adult diseases such as hypertension and diabetes. Maternal iron restriction in the rat has been reported to both reduce birth weight and to elevate blood pressure at 40 days of age. The aim of the present study was to extend these findings to investigate the(More)
BACKGROUND Aromatase catalyses the conversion of androgens to estrogens and thus variation in the aromatase gene could contribute to female syndromes of androgen excess, such as precocious pubarche (PP) and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). METHODS Two groups, one case-control containing girls from Barcelona, Spain with PP (n = 186) or healthy controls(More)
Male offspring of rats protein restricted during pregnancy and lactation are growth restricted and have changes in insulin action on epididymal adipocytes. Adipocytes from different anatomical depots are thought to have distinct metabolic functions. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the alterations in metabolism of adipocytes from early(More)
Restricted fetal growth is associated with increased risk for the future development of Type 2 diabetes in humans. The study aim was to assess the glucose tolerance of old (seventeen months) male rats, which were growth restricted in early life due to maternal protein restriction during gestation and lactation. Rat mothers were fed diets containing either(More)
Epidemiological studies have revealed a relationship between early growth restriction and the subsequent development of type 2 diabetes. A rat model of maternal protein restriction has been used to investigate the mechanistic basis of this relationship. This model causes insulin resistance and diabetes in adult male offspring. The aim of the present study(More)
BACKGROUND Common genetic variation at genes that are imprinted and exclusively maternally expressed could explain the apparent maternal-specific inheritance of low birthweight reported in large family pedigrees. We identified ten single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in H19, and we genotyped three of these SNPs in families from the contemporary ALSPAC UK(More)
Hepatic enzymes associated with glucose hemostasis were studied in offspring of dams fed either a 20% protein (control) or an isocaloric 8% protein (low-protein) diet during pregnancy and lactation. Additionally, offspring were exposed to maternal 8% protein diet only during gestation (recuperated) or lactation (postnatal low-protein). Glucokinase activity(More)
OBJECTIVE Little is known about the genetic determinants of fat mass around birth. We hypothesized that the common rs9939609 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in FTO is associated with fat mass and metabolic parameters in neonates. DESIGN We conducted a cross-sectional, hospital-based study. PATIENTS Patients included 234 full-term, healthy newborns(More)