Clive J. Ellory

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The majority of anion transport inhibitors tend to be non-specific. This is problematic from a research point of view as caution is required when defining pathways purely based on pharmacology. Here we have tested a range of classical and putative Cl(-) transport inhibitors on three Cl(-) carrier systems (the KCl cotransporter (KCC), the NaK2Cl(More)
1. The role of protein tyrosine phosphorylation and of G proteins in the activation of a swelling-activated Cl- current (ICl,swell) in calf pulmonary artery endothelial (CPAE) cells was studied using the whole-cell patch clamp technique. ICl,swell was activated by reducing the extracellular osmolality by either 12.5% (mild hypotonicity) or 25% (strong(More)
Following a delay of 45 min, stimulation of the CD95 (Fas/Apo-1)-receptor in Jurkat T-lymphocytes leads to the release of the osmolyte taurine, an event coinciding with apoptotic cell shrinkage. The present study has been performed to elucidate the cellular mechanisms involved in CD95-induced taurine release as compared to swelling-induced taurine release,(More)
Cartilage matrix turnover is sensitive to changes in intracellular pH (pH(i)) and previous studies have shown that articular chondrocytes regulate pH(i) predominantly using an amiloride-sensitive Na(+) / H(+) exchanger (NHE) with hallmark properties of the housekeeper isoform NHE1. Immunoblotting studies have, however, demonstrated that bovine chondrocytes(More)
Hypotonicity-induced Ca2+ entry is a critical signal for the normal regulatory volume decrease in human cervical cancer cells. The aim of this study was to explore the role of myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) in the regulation of hypotonicity-induced Ca2+ signalling and Cl– channel activity. Blockade of MLCK activity by MLCK(11–19) amide, a(More)
The effect of phenazine methosulphate (PMS; 1 mM) on (86Rb+) K+ transport in human red cells was investigated to ascertain its action on the K+-Cl- cotransporter (KCC; defined as the Cl- dependent component of K+ flux measured in the presence of ouabain and bumetanide) and the Ca2+-activated K+ channel (Gardos channel; defined as the clotrimazole, 5 microM,(More)
Sodium crosses the apical membrane of tight epithelia through a sodium channel, which is inhibited by the diuretic amiloride and by analogs such as phenamil. Target size analysis indicated that the functional size of the [3H]phenamil binding sites associated with the epithelial Na+ channel from pig kidney is 92 +/- 10 kDa. The [3H]phenamil receptor was(More)
Radiation-inactivation was used to assess the functional size of the apamin-binding component of the Ca2+-dependent K+ channel. The amount of specific binding of 125I-apamin to receptors in synaptic membranes of rat cortex decayed exponentially with increasing doses of ionizing radiation and target size analysis was consistent with a relative molecular mass(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS In a variety of investigations described in the literature it was not clear to what extent the transmembrane potential red blood cells (RBCs) was changed after the cells have been transferred into low ionic strength (LIS) solutions. Another open question was to find out how fast the transmembrane potential of RBCs in LIS solution will change(More)