Clive Baldock

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A range of liquids suitable as quality control test objects for measuring the accuracy of clinical MRI diffusion sequences (both apparent diffusion coefficient and tensor) has been identified and characterized. The self-diffusion coefficients for 15 liquids (3 cyclic alkanes: cyclohexane to cyclooctane, 9 n-alkanes: n-octane to n-hexadecane, and 3(More)
A simple methodology for the manufacture and calibration of polyacrylamide gel (PAG) for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) radiation dosimetry is presented to enable individuals to undertake such work in a routine clinical environment. Samples of PAG were irradiated using a linear accelerator and imaged using a 0.5 T (22 MHz) Philips Gyroscan MRI scanner.(More)
Polymer gel dosimeters are fabricated from radiation sensitive chemicals which, upon irradiation, polymerize as a function of the absorbed radiation dose. These gel dosimeters, with the capacity to uniquely record the radiation dose distribution in three-dimensions (3D), have specific advantages when compared to one-dimensional dosimeters, such as ion(More)
Investigation of the normoxic PAGAT polymer gel dosimeter has been undertaken. The concentrations of the chemical components of the gel were varied and its response to ionizing radiation evaluated. Using MRI, the formulation to give the maximum change in the transverse relaxation rate R2 was determined to be 4.5% N, N'-methylene-bis-acrylamide (bis), 4.5%(More)
An extensive field comparison of the gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) assay and the single intradermal tuberculin test for the diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis was conducted in Australia. The specificity of the IFN-gamma assay was determined by testing more than 6000 cattle from tuberculosis-free herds and varied from 96.2% to 98.1%, depending on the cut-off(More)
Solid phantoms are widely used in radiation therapy for both relative and reference dosimetry. Two water equivalent phantoms, RMI-457 Solid Water and Plastic Water, were evaluated for use in kilovoltage x-ray dosimetry in the energy range from 75 to 300 kVp. Relative and reference dosimetry measurements were performed in the solid phantoms and compared with(More)
The radiological properties of the PRESAGE and PAGAT polymer dosimeters have been investigated and their water equivalence determined for use in radiotherapy dosimetry. The radiological water equivalence of each of the polymer dosimeters was determined by comparing the photon and electron interaction cross-sections over the 10 keV-20 MeV energy range and by(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) is a non-invasive molecular imaging technique using positron-emitting radioisotopes to study functional processes within the body. High resolution PET scanners designed for imaging rodents and non-human primates are now commonplace in preclinical research. Brain imaging in this context, with motion compensation, can(More)
Polymer gel dosimeters of different formulations were manufactured from different monomers of acrylamide, acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, 1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone, 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate and 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate. Gelatin and agarose were used as the gelling agents and N,N'-methylene-bis-acrylamide was used as a co-monomer in each polymer gel(More)
Polymer gel dosimeters offer a wide range of potential applications in the three-dimensional verification of complex dose distribution such as in intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). Until now, however, polymer gel dosimeters have not been widely used in the clinic. One of the reasons is that they are difficult to manufacture. As the polymerization in(More)