Clive B. Beggs

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PURPOSE To investigate characteristics of cine phase contrast-calculated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow and velocity measures in patients with relapsing-remitting (RR) multiple sclerosis (MS) receiving standard medical treatment who had been diagnosed with chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) and underwent percutaneous transluminal angioplasty(More)
BACKGROUND Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea (CDAD) is a frequently occurring healthcare-associated infection, which is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality amongst elderly patients in healthcare facilities. Environmental contamination is known to play an important contributory role in the spread of CDAD and it is suspected that(More)
BACKGROUND Direct contact between health care staff and patients is generally considered to be the primary route by which most exogenously-acquired infections spread within and between wards. Handwashing is therefore perceived to be the single most important infection control measure that can be adopted, with the continuing high infection rates generally(More)
BACKGROUND Good hand hygiene has for many years been considered to be the most important measure that can be applied to prevent the spread of healthcare-associated infection (HAI). Continuous emphasis on this intervention has lead to the widespread opinion that HAI rates can be greatly reduced by increased hand hygiene compliance alone. However, this(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease that is closely associated with poverty, with transmission occurring in situations where infected persons are in close contact with others in confined spaces. While it is well recognised that overcrowding increases the risk of transmission, this increased risk has not been quantified and the relationship between overcrowding(More)
BACKGROUND Although the merits of ventilating operating theatres and isolation rooms are well known, the clinical benefits derived from ventilating hospital wards and patient rooms are unclear. This is because relatively little research work has been done in the ventilation of these areas compared with that done in operating theatres and isolation rooms.(More)
Venous abnormalities contribute to the pathophysiology of several neurological conditions. This paper reviews the literature regarding venous abnormalities in multiple sclerosis (MS), leukoaraiosis, and normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). The review is supplemented with hydrodynamic analysis to assess the effects on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dynamics and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine effect of negative air ions on colonisation/infection with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Acinetobacter species in an intensive care unit. DESIGN Prospective single-centre cross-over study in an adult general intensive care unit. PATIENTS 201 patients whose stay on the unit exceeded 48 hour's duration. (More)
The world-wide occurrence of tuberculosis (TB) is very high, and in many parts of the world prevalence has reached epidemic proportions. While the WHO's global 'directly observed therapy short-course' (DOTS) programme has yielded some notable successes, it has reached only 12% of the world's TB cases (1996 data). This suggests that the use of drug therapy(More)
To investigate the potential usefulness of u.v. germicidal irradiation (UVGI) in preventing the spread of Burkholderia cepacia, an important pathogen in cystic fibrosis (CF), the in-vitro susceptibility of B. cepacia to UVGI was determined. Five strains were exposed to UVGI from a 7.2-W source. Burkholderia cepacia was less susceptible to UVGI than other(More)