Cliona O’Farrelly

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Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are essential components of innate immunity in a range of species from Drosophila to humans and are generally thought to act by disrupting the membrane integrity of microbes. In order to discover novel AMPs in the chicken, we have implemented a bioinformatic approach that involves the clustering of more than 420,000 chicken(More)
Salmonella typhimurium and Campylobacter jejuni pose significant risks to human health and poultry are a major vector for infection. Comparative in vivo infection models were performed to compare the avian host immune response to both bacterial species. Forty-five commercial broiler chickens were orally challenged with either C. jejuni or S. typhimurium(More)
Antimicrobial peptides are essential components of innate immunity and are generally thought to act by disrupting the membrane integrity of microbes. Here we report the discovery of two novel chicken β-defensins, gallinacin (Gal)-11 and Gal-12, found by hidden Markov model profile searching of the chicken genome. We have sequenced the genes and elucidated(More)
The anti-microbial peptides β-defensins constitute a large family of innate immune effector molecules, conserved across a wide species range. In this paper, we describe a systematic search of the sequenced bovine genome to characterise this extensive gene family in Bos taurus, providing an insight into the pattern of conservation of β-defensin genes between(More)
The critical metabolic functions of the liver often eclipse any perception of its role as an immune organ. However, the liver as a mediator of systemic and local innate immunity and an important site of immune regulation is now an accepted concept. Complex repertoires of lymphoid and non-lymphoid cells are key to hepatic defense and immunoregulation.(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, non-coding RNAs, which post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression and are proposed to play a key role in the regulation of innate and adaptive immunity. Here, we report a next generation sequencing (NGS) approach profiling the expression of miRNAs in primary bovine mammary epithelial cells (BMEs) at 1, 2, 4 and 6 hours(More)
There have been significant evolutionary pressures on the chicken during both its speciation and its subsequent domestication by man. Infectious diseases are expected to have exerted strong selective pressures during these processes. Consequently, it is likely that genes associated with disease susceptibility or resistance have been subject to some form of(More)
Cathelicidins comprise a major group of host-defence peptides. Conserved across a wide range of species, they have several functions related to host defence. Only one cathelicidin has been found in humans but several cathelicidin genes occur in the bovine genome. We propose that these molecules may have a protective role against mastitis. The aim of this(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), essential components of innate immunity, are found in a range of phylogenetically diverse species and are thought to act by disrupting the membrane integrity of microbes. In this paper, we used evolutionary signatures to identify sites that are most relevant during the functional evolution of these molecules and introduced(More)
CA Corresponding Author’s present address: Institute of Immunology, Biology Department, National University of Ireland Maynooth, Maynooth, Co. Kildare, Ireland. Tel: +353 1 6285222, ext. 3133 Fax: +353 1 7083845 E-mail: BACKGROUND: Small intestinal epithelial cells (SIEC) may contribute to local immune regulation. Aim: To examine(More)