Red tides in the Gulf of Mexico are commonly formed by the fish-killing dinoflagellate Karenia brevis, which produces nine potent polyether brevetoxins (PbTxs). Brevetoxins can be transferred from water to air in wind-powered white-capped waves. Inhalation exposure to marine aerosol containing brevetoxins causes respiratory symptoms. We describe detailed… (More)
Many authors believe that osteochondritis occurs more frequently in the medial sesamoid than in the lateral. The authors of this paper discuss three cases of fibular sesamoid fracture in adolescents that they believe have progressed secondarily to osteochondritis.