Clint Malcolm

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The effect of excitatory amino acids (EAAs) on c-fos mRNA expression was studied in primary cultures of mouse cerebellar granule cells and in neocortical neurons after 2 and 7 days in vitro (div). In cultured granule cells at 2 and 7 div, and in cortical neurons at 2 div, exposure to low levels (< or = 10 microM) of a variety of EAAs (viz. glutamate [Glu],(More)
The pharmacology of several commonly described 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)(2C) receptor agonists was investigated in vivo and in vitro at rat 5-HT(2A), 5-HT(2B), and 5-HT(2C) receptors. The 5-HT(2C) receptor agonist, (S)-2-(6-chloro-5-fluoroindol-1-yl)-1-methylethylamine fumarate (Ro 60-0175), did not induce a significant head-twitch response when given(More)
This paper introduces GEOS, the first automated system to solve unaltered SAT geometry questions by combining text understanding and diagram interpretation. We model the problem of understanding geometry questions as submodular optimization , and identify a formal problem description likely to be compatible with both the question text and diagram. GEOS then(More)
The desensitization characteristics of recombinant human 5-HT(2A), 5-HT(2B), and 5-HT(2C) receptors (VSV and INI isoforms) stably expressed in CHO-K1 (Chinese hamster ovary) cells was investigated by calcium fluorimetry. Comparative desensitization characteristics of the agonists 5-HT, m-chlorophenylpiperazine (mCPP), and 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine(More)
The possibility that neuron-astrocyte communication may be responsible for glutamate (Glu)-stimulated cGMP formation even in relatively homogeneous primary cultures of mouse cerebellar granule cells (7 days in vitro) was investigated. Pharmacological analysis using selective excitatory amino acid (EAA) receptor antagonists showed that cGMP production,(More)
The altered kinetics of steady-state c-fos mRNA production in cultured cerebellar granule cells under excitotoxic conditions was investigated in neurons subjected to depolarising stimuli, namely, high KCl and L-glutamate (Glu), in which Ca2+ influx occurs by differing routes. Increases in intracellular-free calcium levels ([Ca2+]i) stimulated by nontoxic or(More)
Exposure of mouse cerebellar granule cells to l-glutamate (Glu) at low non-excitotoxic concentrations results in a transient expression of the c-fos proto-oncogene. Higher excitotoxic concentrations of Glu result in a change in the temporal profile of c-fos expression to a delayed but sustained response. We have derived a ratio for the steady-state levels(More)
The effect(s) of a prototypic intracellular Ca2+ antagonist, 8-(N,N-diethylamino)octyl-3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoate (TMB-8), on glutamate-induced neurotoxicity was investigated in primary cultures of mouse cerebellar granule cells. Glutamate evoked an increase in cytosolic free-Ca2+ levels ([Ca2+]i) that was dependent on the extracellular concentration of Ca2+(More)
Synthesis and evaluation of the activity of new 4-methyl-1,2,3,4,10,10a-hexahydropyrazino[1,2-a]indoles as 5-HT(2C) receptor agonists are described. Appropriately substituted, several analogs displayed selectivity against the other 5-HT(2) receptor subtypes of 1 order of magnitude or more. Selectivity was improved for several compounds versus the lead 1,(More)
During evaluation of potential end-points for in vitro neurotoxicity screening we investigated what influence changes in cyclic GMP (cGMP) levels might exert on the degree of glutamate (Glu)-induced neurotoxicity in primary cultures of mouse cerebellar granule cells. Depletion of Glu-stimulated cGMP levels by N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonists fully(More)
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