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Patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder who met DSM-III criteria and who had been ill for at least one year were studied in a double-blind, randomized, crossover comparison of the tricyclic antidepressant clomipramine hydrochloride and the monoamine oxidase inhibitor clorgyline hydrochloride. No significant improvement was evident after four weeks of(More)
Research on political judgment and decision-making has converged with decades of research in clinical and social psychology suggesting the ubiquity of emotion-biased motivated reasoning. Motivated reasoning is a form of implicit emotion regulation in which the brain converges on judgments that minimize negative and maximize positive affect states associated(More)
Nineteen children (mean [+/- SD] age, 14.5 +/- 2.3 years) with severe, primary obsessive-compulsive disorder completed a ten-week, double-blind, controlled trial of clomipramine hydrochloride (mean dosage, 141 mg/day) or placebo, each of which was administered for five weeks. Half of the subjects had not responded to previous treatment with other tricyclic(More)
Intracisternal (i.c.) injection of neurotensin (NT) to rats or mice attenuated the locomotor hyperactivity induced by d-amphetamine, methylphenidate or cocaine, but not the increased activity induced by apomorphine or lergotrile. The reduction of methylphenidate-induced locomotor activity by i.c. NT was not due to an increased drug metabolism because i.c.(More)
Acute stress is associated with relapse in cocaine addiction, possibly through the activation of craving-related neural circuitry. Neural responses to cocaine cues and acute stress were investigated in an fMRI study. Ten male participants mentally re-enacted personalized scripts about cocaine use and a neutral experience both with and without a stressor(More)
Applications of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have provided novel insights into the neuropathophysiology of major psychiatric, neurological, and substance abuse disorders and their treatments. Modern activation studies often compare localized task-induced changes in brain activity between experimental groups. Complementary approaches consider(More)
Research on political decision making suggests the ubiquity of motivated reasoning, the tendency to draw conclusions consonant with motives and desired emotional responses. We used fMRI to study partisans during the U.S. Presidential election of 2004 while reasoning about threatening information regarding their own candidate, the opposing candidate, and(More)
Hemophilus influenzae is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in children, and a high percentage of survivors are at risk for long-term sequelae. To explore the mechanisms responsible for these sequelae, a neonatal rat model was used to define the behavioral, electrophysiological, and biochemical changes following meningitis. Three days after(More)
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