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The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of the knee fails to heal after primary repair. Here we hypothesize that a beneficial biologic repair response can be induced by placing a collagen-platelet rich plasma (collagen-PRP) material into a central ACL defect. A collagen-PRP scaffold was used to treat a central ACL defect in vivo. In the first experiment, the(More)
Analogues of bombesin which incorporate dipeptide or turn mimetics have been synthesized. One of them (compound 11) containing a seven-membered lactam ring revealed a good affinity for GRP/BN receptors on rat pancreatic acini (K(i) value of 1.7 +/- 0.4 nM) and on Swiss 3T3 cells (K(i) value of 1.0 +/- 0.2 nM). On the basis of this observation, antagonists(More)
Intra-articular soft tissues, such as the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), fail to heal in contrast to the extra-articular medial collateral ligament (MCL), which undergoes classic healing. The goal of this study was to validate a model for failure of intra-articular healing that could be used in the future to test new repair strategies. We conducted a(More)
Bombesin receptor antagonists are potential therapeutic agents due to their ability to act as inhibitors of cellular proliferation. On the basis of our hypothesis concerning the mechanism of action of gastrin associating an activating enzyme to the receptor and on the results reported in the literature, we have synthesized bombesin analogs which have been(More)
The peptides of the bombesin family are involved in stimulation of mitogenesis in various cell lines, including cancerous cell lines. Bombesin receptor antagonists are of great interest to inhibit this proliferation. We have synthesized a potent bombesin receptor antagonist, e.g., compound JMV641 [H-DPhe-Gln-Trp-Ala-Val-Gly-His-NH-*CH[CH2-CH(CH3)2]-**CHOH-(More)
Analogs of bombesin in which the peptide bond between the two last amino acid residues were replaced by a pseudopeptide bond mimicking the transition state analog were evaluated. These compounds were able to recognize the bombesin receptor on isolated rat pancreatic acini with high potency (Ki from 0.60 +/- 0.27 nM to 4.3 +/- 2.3 nM). Although they were(More)
Bombesin pseudo-peptide analogues containing a hydroxamide function on the C-terminal part of the molecule, e.g. H-D-Phe-Gln-Trp-Ala-Val-Gly-His-Leu-NHOBzl 1 and H-D-Phe-Gln-Trp-Ala-Val-Gly-His-Leu-NHOH 2 were synthesized. These compounds were tested for their ability to recognize the bombesin receptor on rat pancreatic acini and on 3T3 cells, to stimulate(More)
alpha-amidation of a peptide (which takes place from a glycine-extended precursor) is required to produce biologically active amidated hormones, such as gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP)/Pyr-Gln-Arg-Leu-Gly-Asn-Gln-Trp-Ala-Val-Gly-His-Leu-Met-NH(2) (bombesin). It was shown that glycine-extended gastrin mediates mitogenic effects on various cell lines by(More)
STUDY DESIGN This is a survey study designed to evaluate agreement among spine surgeons regarding treatment options for six clinical scenarios involving degenerative conditions of the cervical and lumbar spine. OBJECTIVES The purpose was to evaluate whether or not surgeons agree on which cases require operative intervention and what type of surgery should(More)