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The disparity range for stereo sensitivity was investigated with spatially filtered bars, tuned narrowly over a broad range of spatial frequencies. When measured with narrow (high spatial frequency) bars the disparity range for stereopsis exceeded two orders of magnitude. The range was reduced with broad (low spatial frequency) bars by an elevation of(More)
Binocular sensory fusion which was previously thought to have a maximum spatial extent at the fovea of 1 deg is at least 600% larger when stimulated by low spatial frequency (coarse) detail. This upper limit for sensory fusion has a constant phase disparity limit of 90 deg which corresponds to the monocular Rayleigh criterion for spatial resolution of two(More)
Aftereffects of accommodation and vergence occur following approximately 1 min of adaptation to lenses and prisms respectively. This observation can be interpreted to mean that accommodation and vergence responses have phasic and tonic components. We have examined the role that these proposed subcomponents play in mutual interactions between accommodation(More)
The near triad consists of an increase in accommodation, vergence, and pupillary constriction. All three motor systems exhibit phasic and tonic responses. The tonic response adapts readily to phasic efforts of accommodation and vergence. Cross-coupling between accommodation and vergence provides a means of dynamically adjusting the tonic set points of the(More)
We have used stimuli with difference-of-Gaussian (DOG) luminance profiles to measure depth-increment thresholds within postulated spatial channels as functions of depth from the fixation plane. Stereoacuity was best with high-frequency DOG's presented at the fixation plane. Performance was relatively constant for spatial frequency above 2.4 cycles/deg, but(More)
The range of spatial tuning for channels that process static and dynamic disparities was investigated in the central visual field by measuring stereoscopic thresholds as a function of the difference in size of spatially filtered bar-like patterns presented to the two eyes. Spatial tuning functions were revealed by an elevation of stereothreshold as the(More)
What features in a stereogram define the disparities that lead to stereoscopic depth? The usual answer is that luminance-defined edges from the two eyes are matched and produce depth perception. But parts of an object may be occluded by other objects and absent from one eye's view. It was suggested that unpaired monocular elements might signal occlusion in(More)
The spatial spread of short term phoria adaptation was measured in response to either a single vertical disparity presented at a single eye position, or, vertical disparities of opposite sign presented at two different locations along either the primary vertical or horizontal meridians or along an oblique axis. The spread of adaptation to eye positions not(More)
The amplitude of the naturally occurring 2-Hz lens fluctuations at levels of accommodative response ranging from 1 to 4 D were measured in absolute terms (i.e., in diopters) and compared with the overall variability of accommodation (in the time domain) over the same range of accommodative output levels. The amplitude of the 2-Hz component was found to be(More)
A nulling procedure was used to quantify the velocity and spatial frequency tuning of induced motion for sinusoidal gratings. For each spatial frequency of test and inducing gratings, there was a range of low velocities which resulted in strong induction, with a gain of close to 1. For low spatial frequencies induction occurred at higher velocities than was(More)