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PURPOSE The primary objective of this study is to perform a blinded evaluation of a group of retrospective image registration techniques using as a gold standard a prospective, marker-based registration method. To ensure blindedness, all retrospective registrations were performed by participants who had no knowledge of the gold standard results until after(More)
An image processing technique is presented for finding and localizing the centroids of cylindrical markers externally attached to the human head in computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) image volumes. The centroids can be used as control points for image registration. The technique, which is fast, automatic, and knowledge-based, has two major(More)
OBJECTIVE To demonstrate that the shape of the configuration of fiducial points is an important factor governing target registration error (TRE) in point-based, rigid registration. METHODS We consider two clinical situations: cranial neurosurgery and pedicle screw placement. For cranial neurosurgery, we apply theoretical results concerning TRE prediction,(More)
All image-guided neurosurgical systems that we are aware of assume that the head and its contents behave as a rigid body. It is important to measure intraoperative brain deformation (brain shift) to provide some indication of the application accuracy of image-guided surgical systems, and also to provide data to develop and validate nonrigid registration(More)
In this article we investigate the effect of geometrical distortion correction in MR images on the accuracy of the registration of X-ray CT and MR head images for both a fiducial marker (extrinsic point) method and a surface-matching technique. We use CT and T2-weighted MR image volumes acquired from seven patients who underwent craniotomies in a(More)
We present a system for surgical navigation using stereo overlays in the operating microscope aligned to the operative scene. This augmented reality system provides 3D information about nearby structures and offers a significant advancement over pointer-based guidance, which provides only the location of one point and requires the surgeon to look away from(More)
PURPOSE Clinical imaging systems, especially MR scanners, frequently have errors of a few percent in their voxel dimensions. We evaluate a nine degree of freedom registration algorithm that maximizes mutual information for determining scaling errors. We evaluate it by registering MR and CT images for each of five patients (patient scaling) and by(More)
This note uses a published protocol to evaluate a newly released 6 degrees of freedom electromagnetic tracking system (Aurora, Northern Digital Inc.). A practice for performance monitoring over time is also proposed. The protocol uses a machined base plate to measure relative error in position and orientation as well as the influence of metallic objects in(More)
OBJECT Several authors have recently reported studies in which they aim to validate functional magnetic resonance (fMR) imaging against the accepted gold standard of invasive electrophysiological monitoring. The authors have conducted a similar study, and in this paper they identify and quantify two characteristics of these data that can make such a(More)
Accurate stereotactic navigation depends strongly upon the spatial fidelity of the image used for registration. Clinically significant levels of geometric distortion are present in standard MR images, limiting their utility. A technique for correction of all geometric distortions in spine echo MR images was assessed in a prospective clinical trial of 19(More)