Clifford M. Bray

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DNA repair is important for maintaining genome integrity. In plants, DNA damage accumulated in the embryo of seeds is repaired early in imbibition, and is important for germination performance and seed longevity. An essential step in most repair pathways is the DNA ligase-mediated rejoining of single- and double-strand breaks. Eukaryotes possess multiple(More)
The ability of plants to repair DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) is essential for growth and fertility. The Arabidopsis DSB repair proteins AtRAD50 and AtMRE11 form part of an evolutionarily conserved complex that, in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and mammals, includes a third component termed XRS2 and NBS1, respectively. The MRN complex (MRX in yeast) has a(More)
As obligate phototrophs, plants harness energy from sunlight to split water, producing oxygen and reducing power. This lifestyle exposes plants to particularly high levels of genotoxic stress that threatens genomic integrity, leading to mutation, developmental arrest and cell death. Plants, which with algae are the only photosynthetic eukaryotes, have(More)
DNA photolyases are enzymes which mediate the light-dependent repair (photoreactivation) of UV-induced damage products in DNA by direct reversal of base damage rather than via excision repair pathways. Arabidopsis thaliana contains two photolyases specific for photoreactivation of either cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) or pyrimidine (6-4)pyrimidones(More)
The CrCAX1 gene encoding a Ca2+/H+ and Na+/H+ exchanger was cloned and characterized from the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to begin to understand the mechanisms of cation homeostasis in this model organism. CrCAX1 was more closely related to fungal cation exchanger (CAX) genes than those from higher plants but has structural(More)
DNA damage threatens the integrity of the genome and has potentially lethal consequences for the organism. Plant DNA is under continuous assault from endogenous and environmental factors and effective detection and repair of DNA damage are essential to ensure the stability of the genome. One of the most cytotoxic forms of DNA damage are DNA double-strand(More)
Rejoining of single- and double-strand breaks (DSBs) introduced in DNA during replication, recombination, and DNA damage is catalysed by DNA ligase enzymes. Eukaryotes possess multiple DNA ligase enzymes, each having distinct roles in cellular metabolism. Double-strand breaks in DNA, which can occur spontaneously in the cell or be induced experimentally by(More)
Double-strand breaks (DSBs) in DNA may occur spontaneously in the cell or be induced experimentally by gamma-irradiation, and represent one of the most serious threats to genomic integrity. Non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) rather than homologous recombination appears to be the major pathway for DSB repair in humans and plants, and it may also be the major(More)
The Arabidopsis DNA ligase 1 gene (AtLIG1) is indispensable for cell viability. AtLIG1 expresses one major and two minor mRNA transcripts differing only in the length of the 5' untranslated leader sequences preceding a common ORF. Control of AtLIG1 isoform production and intracellular targeting depends upon mechanisms controlling the choice of translation(More)
A cDNA encoding the DNA ligase I homologue has been isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana using a degenerate PCR approach. The ORF of this cDNA encodes an amino acid sequence of 790 residues, representing a protein with a theoretical molecular mass of 87.8 kDa and an isoelectric point (pi) of 8.20. Alignment of the A. thaliana DNA ligase protein sequence with(More)