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Two consecutive measurements of resting CBF were carried out in normal volunteers (n = 25) using H2(15)O positron emission tomography. Absolute whole-brain blood flow (WBBF; ml 100 g-1 min-1, mean +/- SD) for the first (40.3 +/- 6.4) and second (39.3 +/- 6.5) measurements was not significantly different (mean % difference 2.3 +/- 8.7). Analysis of regions(More)
This article describes a method for partitioning metabolic variability found in positron emission tomography/[18F]fluorodeoxyglucose studies. For the 15 subjects examined, 74.8% of the total metabolic variability could be ascribed to individual differences in global metabolic rate, whereas 15.8% of the total variability was consistent regional variation or(More)
The pathway of male sexual development in mammals is initiated by SRY, a gene on the short arm of the Y chromosome. Its expression in the differentiating gonadal ridge directs testicular morphogenesis, characterized by elaboration of Müllerian inhibiting substance (MIS) and testosterone. SRY and MIS each belong to conserved gene families that function in(More)
Formation of male-specific structures and regression of female primordia are regulated in early male embryogenesis by SRY, a single-copy gene on the Y chromosome. Assignment of SRY as the testis-determining factor in eutherian mammals is supported by molecular analysis of cytogenetic sex reversal (i.e., XX males and XY females) and by complementary studies(More)
Certain groups of patients requiring enteral nutritional support are at increased risk of regurgitation and pulmonary aspiration of feed. Positioning of enteral feeding tubes distal to the pylorus has been advocated as a method of reducing such complications. Various techniques have been suggested to achieve postpyloric siting. Reports have indicated that(More)
This is a review article of neuroimaging studies in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Findings from structural, biochemical, and functional studies are summarized. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) volumetric studies have consistently reported decreased hippocampal volumes in PTSD. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy studies report decreased N-acetyl(More)
We studied the effects of a high-affinity gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-benzodiazepine-receptor agonist (lorazepam) and an antagonist (flumazenil) in humans, using H2(15)O positron-emission tomography. Administration of lorazepam to healthy volunteers caused time- and dose-dependent reductions in regional cerebral blood flow and self-reported alterations(More)
This report describes an integrated anatomical, electrophysiological and data management system for presenting cortical surface distribution maps. Approximately equal area projections (lateral and top) were constructed from a cross-sectional whole head atlas. Anatomical landmarks (major sulcus and gyrus locations) were also located on the outline. The(More)
SRY, a putative transcription factor encoded by the sex-determining region of the human Y chromosome, regulates a genetic switch in male development. Impairment of this switch leads to intersex abnormalities of the newborn and is observed in association with mutations in the SRY DNA-binding domain [the high-mobility-group (HMG) box]. Here we show that the(More)
The purpose of this study was to address if there is an association between the plateau at V˙O (2max) and the anaerobic capacity. 9 well-trained cyclists (age 22.2 ± 3.5 yr, height 182.5 ± 5.0 cm, mass 75.7 ± 8.7 kg, V˙O (2max) 59.3 ± 4.8 ml x kg(-1) x min(-1)completed both an incremental step test of 20 W x min(-1) starting at 120 W for determination of(More)