Clifford J. Unkefer

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MOTIVATION Stable isotope labeling of small-molecule metabolites (e.g. (13)C-labeling of glucose) is a powerful tool for characterizing pathways and reaction fluxes in a metabolic network. Analysis of isotope labeling patterns requires knowledge of the fates of individual atoms and moieties in reactions, which can be difficult to collect in a useful form(More)
The conformation in aqueous solution of several alpha-aminoisobutyric acid (AIB)-containing analogs of bradykinin (BK) has been probed by complementary CD and 1H n.m.r. measurements. The conclusion reached is that substitution of AIB for Pro2 and/or Pro3 in BK stabilizes a degree of beta-turn conformation in the N-terminal tetrapeptide moiety of the(More)
The biosynthesis of the 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate moieties of the siderophore petrobactin, produced by B. anthracis str. Sterne, was probed by isotopic feeding experiments in iron-deficient media with a mixture of unlabeled and D-[(13)C6]glucose at a ratio of 5:1 (w/w). After isolation of the labeled siderophore, analysis of the isotopomers was conducted via(More)
We have studied the mechanism of formation CN- secondary ions under Cs+ primary ion bombardment. We have synthesized 13C and 15N labeled polyglycine samples with the distance between the two labels and the local atomic environment of the 13C label systematically varied. We have measured four masses in parallel: 12C, 13C, and two of 12C14N, 13C14N, 12C15N,(More)
Penicillium charlesii secretes a galactofuranosyl and phosphodiester-containing peptidophosphogalactomannan (pPGM). A linear mannan was prepared from pPGM by treatment with 48% aqueous HF which selectively cleaves galactofuranosyl and phosphodiesters; treatment with alkaline borohydride releases the mannan from the polypeptide. Mannan from P. charlesii(More)
Using13C labeling and NMR spectroscopy we have determined biosynthetic precursors of pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) in two closely related serine-type methylotrophs,Methylobacterium AM1 andHyphomicrobium X. Analysis of the13C-labeling data revealed that PQQ is constructed from two amino acids: the portion containing N-6,C-7,8,9 and the two carboxylic acid(More)
Pyridine nucleotide metabolism has been studied in vivo in a prokaryotic (Escherichia coli) and a eukaryotic (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) system cultured in a medium containing carbon-13-labeled nicotinic acid, followed by NMR detection of the labeled organisms. Chemical exchange between oxidized and reduced nucleotides is found to be sufficiently slow on the(More)
An intracellular coenzyme has been observed by carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The pyridine nucleotides in Escherichia coli were specifically labeled with carbon-13 from the biosynthetic precursor, nicotinic acid. The intracellular redox status and metabolic transformations of the pyridine nucleotides were examined under a variety of(More)
Angiosperms can be selected for the ability to grow in the presence of normally toxic concentrations of certain trace metal ions. Addition of Cd and Cu to Cd-resistant Datura innoxia cell cultures results in the rapid synthesis and accumulation of sulfur-rich, metal-binding polypeptides. The structure of these compounds was determined using amino acid(More)
Peptidophosphogalactomannan from Penicillium charlesii contains ethanolamine, presumably linked via phosphodiester to galactomannan (Rick, P. D., Drewes, L. R., and Gander, J. E., (1974) J. Biol. Chem. 249, 2072-2078). These investigations have been extended using 13C and 31P NMR spectroscopy to show that peptidophosphogalactomannan also contains choline(More)