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The substrate specificities and product inhibition patterns of haloalkane dehalogenases from Xanthobacter autotrophicus GJ10 (XaDHL) and Rhodococcus rhodochrous (RrDHL) have been compared using a pH-indicator dye assay. In contrast to XaDHL, RrDHL is efficient toward secondary alkyl halides. Using steady-state kinetics, we have shown that halides are(More)
Penicillium charlesii secretes a galactofuranosyl and phosphodiester-containing peptidophosphogalactomannan (pPGM). A linear mannan was prepared from pPGM by treatment with 48% aqueous HF which selectively cleaves galactofuranosyl and phosphodiesters; treatment with alkaline borohydride releases the mannan from the polypeptide. Mannan from P. charlesii(More)
The biosynthesis of the 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate moieties of the siderophore petrobactin, produced by B. anthracis str. Sterne, was probed by isotopic feeding experiments in iron-deficient media with a mixture of unlabeled and D-[(13)C6]glucose at a ratio of 5:1 (w/w). After isolation of the labeled siderophore, analysis of the isotopomers was conducted via(More)
The hydrolytic haloalkane dehalogenases are promising bioremediation and biocatalytic agents. Two general classes of dehalogenases have been reported from Xanthobacter and Rhodococcus. While these enzymes share 30% amino acid sequence identity, they have significantly different substrate specificities and halide-binding properties. We report the 1.5 A(More)
MOTIVATION Stable isotope labeling of small-molecule metabolites (e.g. (13)C-labeling of glucose) is a powerful tool for characterizing pathways and reaction fluxes in a metabolic network. Analysis of isotope labeling patterns requires knowledge of the fates of individual atoms and moieties in reactions, which can be difficult to collect in a useful form(More)
MOTIVATION Our knowledge of the metabolites in cells and their reactions is far from complete as revealed by metabolomic measurements that detect many more small molecules than are documented in metabolic databases. Here, we develop an approach for predicting the reactivity of small-molecule metabolites in enzyme-catalyzed reactions that combines expert(More)
MOTIVATION Our knowledge of metabolism is far from complete, and the gaps in our knowledge are being revealed by metabolomic detection of small-molecules not previously known to exist in cells. An important challenge is to determine the reactions in which these compounds participate, which can lead to the identification of gene products responsible for(More)
The structurally homologous protein disulfide isomerases and thioredoxins exhibit a 10(5) variation of redox equilibria. It is demonstrated that the kinetic distinction among these protein family members lies primarily in the rate of breakdown of the mixed disulfide intermediate. The conserved buried acid group serves as a proton transfer catalyst for the(More)
Feeding experiments with isotope-labeled precursors rule out hydroxypyruvate and TCA cycle intermediates as the metabolic source of methoxymalonyl-ACP, the substrate for incorporation of "glycolate" units into ansamitocin P-3, soraphen A, and other antibiotics. They point to 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate as the source of the methoxymalonyl moiety and show that(More)
Peptidophosphogalactomannan from Penicillium charlesii contains ethanolamine, presumably linked via phosphodiester to galactomannan (Rick, P. D., Drewes, L. R., and Gander, J. E., (1974) J. Biol. Chem. 249, 2072-2078). These investigations have been extended using 13C and 31P NMR spectroscopy to show that peptidophosphogalactomannan also contains choline(More)