Learn More
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffusion-weighted (DW) MR imaging is a means to characterize and differentiate morphologic features, including edema, necrosis, and tumor tissue, by measuring differences in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). We hypothesized that DW imaging has the potential to differentiate recurrent or progressive tumor growth from(More)
Pituitary carcinoma is a rare tumor characterized by poor responsiveness to therapy, leading to early death. Reported responses to standard chemotherapy have only been anecdotal, with no single agent or combination demonstrating consistent efficacy in the treatment of patients with this disease. The authors report rare examples of a persistent response to(More)
Optimum blood pressure (BP) management in acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) remains controversial. BP reduction may limit hematoma expansion, but may also exacerbate ischemia. Reduced regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) has been reported in ICH. Its extent and precise pattern, however, remain uncertain. Dynamic single-section CT perfusion (CTP) is rapid,(More)
OBJECT Microsurgical resection of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) is facilitated by real-time image guidance that demonstrates the precise size and location of the AVM nidus. Magnetic resonance images have routinely been used for intraoperative navigation, but there is no single MRI sequence that can provide all the details needed for characterization of(More)
OBJECT In 2002, "quick-brain" (QB) MR imaging (ultrafast spin echo T2-weighted imaging) was introduced as an alternative technique to CT scanning for assessing children with hydrocephalus. The authors have observed high patient and physician satisfaction with this technique at their institution, which has led to an increasing frequency of its use for(More)
PURPOSE CT angiography (CTA) is rapidly becoming a popular tool for the evaluation of cerebrovascular diseases. Noninvasive diagnosis of vertebral artery pathology using CTA relies in part on diminished vertebral artery size or eccentric position relative to the transverse foramen. However, normal variation of the vertebral artery on CT has not been(More)
BACKGROUND The evaluation of rates of tumor blood flow with small, rapidly diffusing tracers requires an accurate model for mass transport within the tissue and tracer biodistribution. It is generally assumed that the whole tumor or several tumor regions act as well-mixed compartments, an assumption that has never been evaluated in tumors. PURPOSE The(More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective case series. OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of additional vertebral compression fractures diagnosed with repeat MRI immediately before vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Vertebral compression fractures, which occur frequently in the elderly, are more likely in patients with prior vertebral(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In patients with suspected subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and negative CT findings, the iatrogenic introduction of RBCs into the CSF during lumbar puncture may lead to a misdiagnosis. We tested the hypothesis that the risk of traumatic lumbar puncture is lower with the fluoroscopy-guided technique than with the standard bedside(More)
Many pathologies alter the mechanical properties of tissue. Magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) has been developed to noninvasively characterize these quantities in vivo. Typically, small vibrations are induced in the tissue of interest with an external mechanical actuator. The resulting displacements are measured with phase contrast sequences and are(More)