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Many pathologies alter the mechanical properties of tissue. Magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) has been developed to noninvasively characterize these quantities in vivo. Typically, small vibrations are induced in the tissue of interest with an external mechanical actuator. The resulting displacements are measured with phase contrast sequences and are(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In patients with suspected subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and negative CT findings, the iatrogenic introduction of RBCs into the CSF during lumbar puncture may lead to a misdiagnosis. We tested the hypothesis that the risk of traumatic lumbar puncture is lower with the fluoroscopy-guided technique than with the standard bedside(More)
These guidelines were developed by consensus of a multidisciplinary panel of specialists interested in the evaluation and treatment of patients with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the CNS. The reporting criteria described will serve as a template for trial design and for clinical investigators who wish to report on endovascular therapy of cerebral(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffusion-weighted (DW) MR imaging is a means to characterize and differentiate morphologic features, including edema, necrosis, and tumor tissue, by measuring differences in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). We hypothesized that DW imaging has the potential to differentiate recurrent or progressive tumor growth from(More)
Pituitary carcinoma is a rare tumor characterized by poor responsiveness to therapy, leading to early death. Reported responses to standard chemotherapy have only been anecdotal, with no single agent or combination demonstrating consistent efficacy in the treatment of patients with this disease. The authors report rare examples of a persistent response to(More)
Current clinical practice standards are addressed for the invasive interventional management of post-hemorrhagic cerebral vasospasm (PHCV) in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. The conclusions, based on an assessment by the Standards Committee of the Society of Neurointerventional Surgery, included a critical review of the literature using(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Onyx was recently approved for the treatment of pial arteriovenous malformations, but its use to treat dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) is not yet well established. We now report on the treatment of intracranial DAVFs using this nonadhesive liquid embolic agent. MATERIALS AND METHODS We performed a retrospective analysis of 12(More)
OBJECT In 2002, "quick-brain" (QB) MR imaging (ultrafast spin echo T2-weighted imaging) was introduced as an alternative technique to CT scanning for assessing children with hydrocephalus. The authors have observed high patient and physician satisfaction with this technique at their institution, which has led to an increasing frequency of its use for(More)
PURPOSE To report orgasmic epilepsy as a manifestation of paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis in a patient with small cell lung cancer. CASE REPORT A 57 years-old woman presented with 2 month history of daily spells that consisted of a sudden pleasure provoking feeling described 'like an orgasm' lasting for 30 s to 1 min. She was a heavy smoker and had(More)
OBJECT The piglet is an excellent model for the developing human brain, and has been used increasingly in various centers for studies of traumatic brain injury and other insults. Unlike rodent or primate models, however, there are few behavioral scales for the piglet, and the available ones are used to test general responsiveness rather than specific(More)